Crop Progress and Pasture Condition

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending October 14, 2018, there were 0.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 9 short, 76 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 23 short, 61 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 5 percent very poor, 11 poor, 20 fair, 49 good, and 15 excellent. Corn mature was 93 percent, ahead of 86 last year, and near 90 for the five-year average. Harvested was 17 percent, ahead of 11 last year, but near 21 average.

Soybean condition rated 6 percent very poor, 8 poor, 24 fair, 49 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans harvested was 29 percent, behind 44 last year, and well behind 65 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 73 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 93 percent, near 97 last year, and behind 98 average. Mature was 64 percent, near 66 last year, and behind 81 average. Harvested was 21 percent, ahead of 6 last year, but behind 30 average.

Sunflowers harvested was 5 percent, behind 14 last year and 17 average.

Winter wheat planted was 82 percent, behind 87 last year and 90 average. Emerged was 61 percent, near 65 last year and 57 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 8 percent very poor, 14 poor, 30 fair, 44 good, and 4 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending October 14, 2018, there were 1.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 19 short, 68 adequate, and 9 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 25 short, 58 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 4 percent very poor, 16 poor, 33 fair, 41 good, and 6 excellent. Soybeans harvested was 37 percent, well behind 68 last year and 70 for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 27 fair, 58 good, and 10 excellent. Winter wheat planted was 87 percent, near 85 last year, but behind 92 average. Emerged was 59 percent, behind 66 both last year and average.

Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 11 poor, 26 fair, 46 good, and 15 excellent. Corn mature was 96 percent, ahead of 77 last year and 85 average. Harvested was 12 percent, ahead of 7 last year, but near 13 average.

Sugarbeets harvested was 47 percent, well behind 85 last year and 82 average.

Sunflower condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 30 fair, 58 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers bracts turned brown was 97 percent, ahead of 91 last year and 88 average. Harvested was 15 percent, near 11 last year and 12 average.

Potatoes harvested was 84 percent, behind 91 last year, and equal to average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 94 percent, near 93 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 14 poor, 44 fair, 34 good, and 2 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 27 short, 64 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Minnesota

Cool and wet weather conditions hampered harvest progress during the week ending October 14, 2018, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were only 1.1 days suitable for fieldwork, the fewest days suitable this year since the week ending April 22 when there were no days suitable for fieldwork. The limited field activities for the week included harvesting corn, soybeans, potatoes, sunflowers and sugarbeets.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 56 percent adequate and 42 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 61 percent adequate and 34 percent surplus.

Corn harvested for grain was 18 percent complete, 10 days ahead of last year but 1 day behind the 5-year average. Corn moisture content of grain at harvest averaged 22 percent. Corn crop condition was rated 75 percent good to excellent. Thirty-eight percent of the soybean crop was harvested, 1 day behind last year and 9 days behind average. Soybean condition was rated 70 percent good to excellent.

Sunflower harvest was 17 percent complete, 8 days behind average. Sunflower condition was rated at 69 percent good to excellent. Potato harvest was 93 percent complete, 1 day ahead of average. Sugarbeet harvest was 43 percent complete, 1 week behind average. Sugarbeet condition was 72 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition was rated 51 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Rain and early snow showers limited Iowa farmers to just 0.8 day suitable for fieldwork during the week ending October 14, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included moving grain, monitoring field conditions and harvesting corn when weather permitted.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 40 percent adequate and 60 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 2 percent short, 49 percent adequate and 48 percent surplus.

Ninety-seven percent of the corn crop was mature, 5 days ahead of the five-year average. Seventeen percent of the State’s corn for grain crop has been harvested, 4 days ahead of last year but 4 days behind average. Across the State farmers were only able to harvest 2 percent of their corn for grain crop during the week. Farmers in southeast Iowa continue to lead the way with 41 percent of their corn for grain harvested. Moisture content of field corn being harvested was at 20 percent. Corn condition rated 69 percent good to excellent. Ninety-seven percent of the soybean crop was dropping leaves, 5 days ahead of average. Nineteen percent of the soybean crop has been harvested, 11 days behind the average. This is the smallest percentage of the soybean crop harvested by October 14 since records began. Soybean condition rated 65 percent good to excellent.

Pasture conditions rated 55 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions remain challenging after another week with significant precipitation left feedlots extremely muddy.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending October 14, 2018, there were 1.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 5 short, 70 adequate, and 24 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 76 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 13 fair, 48 good, and 32 excellent. Corn mature was 95 percent, near 91 both last year and for the five-year average. Harvested was 25 percent, ahead of 16 last year, and equal to average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 13 fair, 55 good, and 25 excellent. Soybeans harvested was 38 percent, ahead of 32 last year, but behind 54 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 5 percent very poor, 9 poor, 21 fair, 45 good, and 20 excellent. Winter wheat planted was 89 percent, near 85 last year and 92 average. Emerged was 75 percent, ahead of 65 last year, and near 74 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 47 good, and 36 excellent. Sorghum mature was 95 percent, ahead of 90 last year, and near 91 average. Harvested was 32 percent, ahead of 22 last year and 27 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 64 good, and 12 excellent.