Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending October 21, 2018, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 9 short, 79 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 24 short, 61 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 6 percent very poor, 8 poor, 20 fair, 48 good, and 18 excellent. Corn mature was 97 percent, near 94 last year and 96 for the five-year average. Harvested was 25 percent, ahead of 18 last year, but behind 33 average.

Soybean condition rated 7 percent very poor, 8 poor, 24 fair, 47 good, and 14 excellent. Soybeans harvested was 48 percent, well behind 76 last year and 84 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 22 fair, 73 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 95 percent, near 98 last year and 99 average. Mature was 90 percent, ahead of 75 last year, and equal to average. Harvested was 25 percent, ahead of 19 last year, but well behind 45 average.

Sunflowers harvested was 8 percent, well behind 30 last year and 32 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 37 fair, 52 good, and 1 excellent. Winter wheat planted was 87 percent, behind 95 last year and 96 average. Emerged was 72 percent, behind 78 last year, and near 73 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 9 percent very poor, 14 poor, 28 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending October 21, 2018, there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 19 short, 71 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 28 short, 58 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 13 poor, 32 fair, 44 good, and 8 excellent. Soybeans harvested was 53 percent, well behind 87 last year and 83 for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 23 fair, 62 good, and 12 excellent. Winter wheat planted was 90 percent, equal to last year, and behind 96 average. Emerged was 75 percent, near 77 last year, and behind 80 average.

Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 10 poor, 24 fair, 49 good, and 15 excellent. Corn harvested was 21 percent, ahead of 16 last year, but near 25 average.

Sugarbeets harvested was 79 percent, behind 94 both last year and average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 27 fair, 66 good, and 2 excellent. Sunflowers harvested was 30 percent, near 29 last year, and ahead of 25 average.

Potatoes harvested was 90 percent, behind 97 last year.

Dry edible beans harvested was 96 percent, near 97 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 4 percent very poor, 16 poor, 42 fair, 36 good, and 2 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 23 short, 69 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Dry weather conditions allowed for rapid harvest progress during the week ending October 21, 2018, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included harvesting corn, soybeans, potatoes, sunflowers and sugarbeets.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 67 percent adequate and 30 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 26 percent surplus.

Corn harvested for grain was 35 percent complete, one week ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average. Corn moisture content of grain at harvest averaged 20 percent, down 2 percentage points from last week. Corn crop condition was rated 76 percent good to excellent. Sixty-two percent of the soybean crop was harvested, 2 days behind last year and 10 days behind average. Soybean condition improved slightly to 72 percent good to excellent.

Sunflower harvest was 33 percent complete, 6 days behind average. Sunflower condition was rated at 69 percent good to excellent. Potato harvest was nearing completion at 95 percent. Sugarbeet harvest was 73 percent complete, 1 week behind average.

Pasture condition was rated 52 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Sunshine and a break from substantial precipitation got Iowa farmers back in the fields with 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending October 21, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included harvesting corn and soybeans, baling stalks and planting cover crops.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 65 percent adequate and 35 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 61 percent adequate and 37 percent surplus.

Twenty-nine percent of the State’s corn for grain crop has been harvested, 3 days ahead of last year but 4 days behind the five-year average. Farmers in southeast Iowa have neared the halfway point of corn for grain harvest while farmers in the northeast have not yet harvested one-fifth of their corn for grain. Moisture content of field corn being harvested was at 19 percent. Corn condition rated 68 percent good to excellent. Soybean harvest was 37 percent complete, 12 days behind the average. This is the smallest percentage of the soybean crop harvested by October 21 since 1985. Soybean condition rated 65 percent good to excellent.

Pasture conditions rated 55 percent good to excellent. Pastures have responded well to recent precipitation and cool temperatures. Cattle lots are still muddy but improving.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending October 21, 2018, there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 83 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 82 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 13 fair, 50 good, and 30 excellent. Corn harvested was 34 percent, ahead of 25 last year, but near 37 for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 13 fair, 54 good, and 25 excellent. Soybeans harvested was 54 percent, behind 62 last year, and well behind 75 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 25 fair, 50 good, and 17 excellent. Winter wheat planted was 92 percent, near 93 last year, and behind 97 average. Emerged was 83 percent, ahead of 75 last year, but near 84 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 58 good, and 23 excellent. Sorghum harvested was 43 percent, ahead of 32 last year, and near 42 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 61 good, and 15 excellent.