Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending July 28, 2019, there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 71 adequate, and 28 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 70 adequate, and 29 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 31 fair, 48 good, and 13 excellent. Corn silking was 27 percent, well behind 90 last year and 77 for the five-year average. Dough was 2 percent, well behind 31 last year, and behind 13 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 41 fair, 40 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 53 percent, well behind 80 both last year and average. Setting pods was 12 percent, well behind 47 last year and 42 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 28 fair, 59 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 24 percent, well behind 74 last year and 64 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 32 fair, 54 good, and 11 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 94 percent, behind 100 both last year and average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 24 fair, 63 good, and 10 excellent. Oats headed was 95 percent, behind 100 both last year and average. Harvested was 8 percent, well behind 50 last year and 47 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 31 fair, 57 good, and 11 excellent. Sorghum headed was 23 percent, behind 40 last year, and well behind 45 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 53 good, and 27 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending July 28, 2019, there were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 19 short, 66 adequate, and 9 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 16 short, 68 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 26 fair, 58 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 71 percent, well behind 94 last year, and behind 85 for the five-year average. Setting pods was 26 percent, well behind 65 last year and 50 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 67 good, and 11 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 98 percent, near 99 last year and 97 average. Coloring was 50 percent, well behind 73 last year, and behind 66 average. Mature was 4 percent, behind 19 last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 59 good, and 6 excellent. Durum wheat headed was 96 percent. Coloring was 24 percent, well behind 59 last year and 48 average. Mature was 2 percent.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 6 poor, 21 fair, 61 good, and 12 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 86 percent, behind 95 last year and 91 average. Mature was 40 percent, well behind 60 last year. Harvested was 1 percent, behind 10 last year and 14 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 64 good, and 11 excellent. Corn silking was 38 percent, well behind 83 last year and 59 average.

Canola condition rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 25 fair, 62 good, and 8 excellent. Canola coloring was 11 percent, well behind 58 last year and 46 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 5 fair, 15 good, and 79 excellent.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 61 good, and 19 excellent. Oats headed was 96 percent, near 99 last year, and equal to average. Coloring was 38 percent, well behind 71 last year and 70 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 71 good, and 11 excellent. Barley headed was 97 percent, near 99 last year, and equal to average. Coloring was 57 percent, well behind 82 last year, and behind 76 average. Mature was 4 percent, well behind 37 last year.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 68 good, and 6 excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 95 percent. Dropping leaves was 33 percent, well behind 57 last year.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 73 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 22 percent, well behind 50 last year, and behind 32 average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 6 poor, 23 fair, 69 good, and 2 excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 94 percent, equal to both last year and average. Coloring was 8 percent, well behind 30 last year and 29 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 18 fair, 69 good, and 13 excellent. Potatoes blooming was 96 percent, equal to last year. Rows closed was 78 percent, near 74 last year, and ahead of 65 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 20 fair, 69 good, and 10 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 81 percent, behind 91 last year, and near 82 average. Setting pods was 43 percent, behind 56 last year.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 23 fair, 52 good, and 18 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 93 percent. Second cutting was 18 percent, behind 35 last year and 36 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 58 good, and 16 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 80 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Minnesota

Most of Minnesota received only light rain during the week ending July 28, 2019. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Crop development continued, with some reports of small grain harvest.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 24 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 70 percent adequate and 25 percent surplus.

Silked corn, at 54 percent, was 11 days behind last year and 1 week behind the 5-year average. Corn condition was rated at 56 percent good to excellent, a slight decrease from the previous week. Soybeans blooming reached 69 percent this week, 8 days behind last year and 1 week behind the average. Twenty-seven percent of soybeans were setting pods, 8 days behind last year and 5 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 60 percent good to excellent.

Seventy-nine percent of the spring wheat crop was coloring or beyond, 3 days behind last year. Spring wheat condition rated 83 percent good to excellent, down from the previous week. Oats were 83 percent in or beyond the coloring stage, only a day behind normal. Three percent of oats for grain have been harvested. Oat condition was rated 70 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week. Barley coloring or beyond reached 87 percent, now 2 days ahead of the average. Barley condition rated 79 percent good to excellent.

Dry edible bean blooming reached 71 percent complete, 5 days behind the average. Dry edible bean setting pods progressed to 33 percent, 2 days behind normal. Dry edible bean condition was rated 65 percent good to excellent, falling from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 79 percent good to excellent, decreasing from the previous week. Potato condition rated 93 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 80 percent good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 78 percent this week, 3 days behind normal. Pasture condition rated 74 percent good to excellent. Some reporters expressed concerns over short forage supplies for the coming winter.

Iowa

This past week brought below average temperatures and little to no rain across much of the State as Iowa farmers had 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 28, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities included scouting, spraying fungicides and insecticides, and harvesting hay and oats.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 4 percent very short, 21 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus. Districts in the southern third of Iowa and the east central district reported topsoil moisture conditions as over 40 percent short to very short. Some counties within those districts were also rated as abnormally dry for the first time this season according to the July 25, 2019, U.S. Drought Monitor. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 2 percent very short, 14 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus.

Sixty-nine percent of the corn crop has begun to silk, 13 days behind last year and 8 days behind the 5-year average. Seven percent of the crop reached the dough stage, nearly one week behind both last year and average.

Corn condition rated 65 percent good to excellent. Sixty-five percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, 13 days behind last year and 10 days behind average. Thirteen percent of the crop has started setting pods, nearly two weeks behind average. Soybean condition rated 62 percent good to excellent. Ninety-four percent of oats started coloring, 2 days behind last year and average. Thirty-nine percent of the oat crop has been harvested for grain, 6 days behind average. Oat condition rated 63 percent good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 76 percent, 6 days behind average. A third cutting of alfalfa hay has started with 2 percent complete statewide. Hay condition rated 62 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition declined for the fourth straight week with 56 percent good to excellent. Cooler temperatures this past week helped improve livestock conditions.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending July 28, 2019, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 21 short, 73 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 15 short, 79 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 60 good, and 15 excellent. Corn silking was 70 percent, well behind 90 last year, and behind 88 for the five-year average. Dough was 12 percent, well behind 36 last year, and behind 22 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 22 fair, 63 good, and 11 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 66 percent, well behind 86 last year, and behind 83 average. Setting pods was 34 percent, behind 49 last year and 43 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 5 poor, 18 fair, 50 good, and 24 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 55 percent, well behind 88 last year and 89 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 73 good, and 11 excellent. Sorghum headed was 26 percent, well behind 51 last year, and behind 38 average. Coloring was 1 percent, near 4 last year and 3 average.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 25 fair, 58 good, and 11 excellent. Oats harvested was 49 percent, well behind 90 last year and 75 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 29 fair, 55 good, and 10 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 41 percent. Setting pods was 10 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 68 good, and 13 excellent.