Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending August 4, 2019, there were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 73 adequate, and 25 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 73 adequate, and 25 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 26 fair, 50 good, and 16 excellent. Corn silking was 64 percent, well behind 95 last year and 90 for the five-year average. Dough was 7 percent, well behind 50 last year and 31 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 37 fair, 42 good, and 12 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 75 percent, behind 89 both last year and average. Setting pods was 33 percent, well behind 66 last year and 62 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 61 good, and 11 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 49 percent, well behind 88 last year and 81 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 29 fair, 53 good, and 14 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 97 percent, near 100 both last year and average. Harvested was 5 percent, well behind 50 last year and 42 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 30 fair, 54 good, and 12 excellent. Oats harvested was 18 percent, well behind 68 last year and 65 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 28 fair, 65 good, and 5 excellent. Sorghum headed was 37 percent, well behind 62 both last year and average. Coloring was 1 percent, near 4 last year, and behind 7 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 49 good, and 31 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending August 4, 2019, there were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 19 short, 65 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 20 short, 66 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 28 fair, 55 good, and 8 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 85 percent, behind 97 last year and 93 for the five-year average. Setting pods was 43 percent, well behind 82 last year and 69 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 21 fair, 64 good, and 11 excellent. Spring wheat coloring was 79 percent, behind 89 last year, and near 82 average. Mature was 21 percent, well behind 46 last year. Harvested was 1 percent, behind 7 last year and 8 average.

Durum wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 7 poor, 24 fair, 63 good, and 6 excellent. Durum wheat coloring was 53 percent, well behind 85 last year, and behind 66 average. Mature was 10 percent, behind 22 last year.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 19 fair, 61 good, and 12 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 95 percent. Mature was 67 percent, behind 85 last year. Harvested was 10 percent, well behind 36 last year and 32 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 20 fair, 61 good, and 12 excellent. Corn silking was 70 percent, well behind 94 last year, and behind 82 average. Dough was 1 percent, well behind 29 last year, and behind 14 average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 22 fair, 62 good, and 10 excellent. Canola coloring was 47 percent, well behind 79 last year and 68 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 5 fair, 15 good, and 79 excellent.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 65 good, and 12 excellent. Oats coloring was 66 percent, well behind 88 last year, and behind 85 average. Mature was 15 percent, well behind 49 last year. Harvested was 1 percent, behind 11 last year and 16 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 68 good, and 10 excellent. Barley coloring was 83 percent, behind 93 last year and 89 average. Mature was 29 percent, well behind 62 last year. Harvested was 1 percent, behind 13 last year and 14 average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 67 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible peas dropping leaves was 77 percent, behind 83 last year. Harvested was 3 percent, well behind 25 last year.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 21 fair, 70 good, and 5 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 35 percent, well behind 77 last year and 59 average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 21 fair, 70 good, and 5 excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 98 percent, equal to last year. Coloring was 40 percent, behind 54 last year and 51 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 66 good, and 11 excellent. Potatoes rows closed was 82 percent, near 86 last year and 79 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 28 fair, 61 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 86 percent, behind 95 last year and 91 average. Setting pods was 66 percent, behind 76 last year, but near 64 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 26 fair, 55 good, and 10 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 97 percent. Second cutting was 38 percent, behind 52 last year and 53 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 24 fair, 54 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 14 short, 76 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Minnesota

A reasonably dry week boosted the number of days suitable for fieldwork to 5.7 for the week ending August 4, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Crop development has continued at a steady pace. Hay cutting was able to progress with the dry weather, and some small grain harvest has started to kick off as well. Other field activities for the week included some fungicide application.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 11 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus.

Silked corn, at 83 percent, was 10 days behind last year and 6 days behind the 5-year average. Fifteen percent of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, 8 days behind last year and 5 days behind normal. Corn condition was rated at 57 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 90 percent this week, 4 days behind last year and 3 days behind the average. Fifty-three percent of soybeans were setting pods, 5 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 61 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-two percent of spring wheat was coloring or beyond, 1 day ahead of the average. Reports of spring wheat harvest beginning were received this week. Spring wheat condition rated 84 percent good to excellent. Oats were 95 percent in or beyond the coloring stage, equal to the average. Twelve percent of oats have been harvested, 9 days behind normal. Oat condition was rated 68 percent good to excellent, declining from the previous week. Barley turning color reached 97 percent, 6 days ahead of average. Four percent of the barley crop has been harvested, 9 days behind normal. Barley condition rated 81 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week.

Dry edible beans blooming reached 85 percent complete, 4 days behind the average. Dry edible beans setting pods progressed to 60 percent this week, 2 days behind normal. Dry edible beans condition was rated 67 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 83 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week. Potato condition rated 94 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 80 percent good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 88 percent this week, 3 days behind normal. Pasture condition rated 71 percent good to excellent, degrading from the previous week.

Iowa

Another dry week across most of the State allowed Iowa farmers 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 4, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities included moving grain, spraying fungicides and insecticides, and harvesting hay and oats.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 5 percent very short, 26 percent short, 67 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus.

Areas in 41 counties throughout Iowa were rated as abnormally dry according to the August 1, 2019 U.S. Drought Monitor. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 3 percent very short, 19 percent short, 75 percent adequate and 3 percent surplus.

Eighty-four percent of the corn crop has begun to silk, 15 days behind last year and 10 days behind the 5-year average. Twenty percent of the crop reached the dough stage, 10 days behind last year and 1 week behind average. Corn condition rated 66 percent good to excellent. Seventy-eight percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, 15 days behind last year and 11 days behind average. Thirty-three percent of the crop has started setting pods, 16 days behind last year and 13 days behind average. Soybean condition improved slightly to 65 percent good to excellent from the previous week. Nearly all of the oat crop has started coloring at 97 percent statewide. Sixty-four percent of the oat crop has been harvested for grain, nearly 1 week behind average.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 86 percent, 6 days behind average. The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 11 percent complete statewide, 8 days behind average. Hay condition rated 61 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition continued to decline for the fifth straight week with 53 percent good to excellent. There were no major livestock issues reported this past week.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending August 4, 2019, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 21 short, 69 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 14 short, 75 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 58 good, and 13 excellent. Corn silking was 85 percent, behind 94 last year and 95 for the five-year average. Dough was 27 percent, well behind 54 last year, and behind 40 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 25 fair, 57 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 78 percent, behind 92 last year and 91 average. Setting pods was 51 percent, behind 66 last year and 62 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 75 percent, behind 93 last year, and well behind 96 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 73 good, and 10 excellent. Sorghum headed was 43 percent, well behind 75 last year, and behind 61 average. Coloring was 4 percent, near 5 last year and 6 average.

Oats harvested was 75 percent, well behind 96 last year, and behind 86 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 32 fair, 49 good, and 8 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 60 percent. Setting pods was 23 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 67 good, and 15 excellent.