Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending August 18, 2019, there were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 70 adequate, and 29 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 69 adequate, and 30 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 29 fair, 46 good, and 16 excellent. Corn silking was 94 percent, behind 100 last year, and near 98 for the five-year average. Dough was 39 percent, well behind 86 last year and 70 average. Dented was 2 percent, well behind 34 last year, and behind 16 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 34 fair, 41 good, and 15 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 90 percent, behind 99 last year and 97 average. Setting pods was 59 percent, well behind 90 last year and 87 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 76 percent, well behind 99 last year, and behind 95 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor, 28 fair, 51 good, and 16 excellent. Spring wheat harvested was 27 percent, well behind 89 last year and 75 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 25 fair, 60 good, and 11 excellent. Oats harvested was 60 percent, well behind 95 last year and 90 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 21 fair, 68 good, and 9 excellent. Sorghum headed was 75 percent, behind 87 last year and 89 average. Coloring was 15 percent, behind 26 last year and 23 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 14 fair, 56 good, and 25 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending August 18, 2019, there were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 17 short, 67 adequate, and 10 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 17 short, 67 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 7 poor, 27 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 96 percent, near 100 last year and 99 for the five-year average. Setting pods was 78 percent, behind 96 last year and 91 average. Dropping leaves was 1 percent, behind 16 last year and 7 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 22 fair, 59 good, and 12 excellent. Spring wheat coloring was 97 percent. Mature was 71 percent, well behind 92 last year. Harvested was 12 percent, well behind 55 last year and 43 average.

Durum wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 20 fair, 58 good, and 14 excellent. Durum wheat coloring was 95 percent. Mature was 66 percent, behind 83 last year, but ahead of 59 average. Harvested was 7 percent, well behind 31 last year.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 16 fair, 63 good, and 15 excellent. Winter wheat mature was 95 percent. Harvested was 57 percent, well behind 88 last year, and behind 73 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 20 fair, 59 good, and 14 excellent. Corn silking was 94 percent, behind 100 last year, and near 97 average. Dough was 18 percent, well behind 81 last year and 58 average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 25 fair, 56 good, and 12 excellent. Canola coloring was 87 percent, behind 95 last year, and near 91 average. Harvested was 5 percent, behind 24 last year and 17 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 8 fair, 14 good, and 75 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 1 percent, near 2 last year, and equal to average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 66 good, and 11 excellent. Oats coloring was 92 percent. Mature was 58 percent, well behind 92 last year. Harvested was 19 percent, well behind 63 last year and 56 average.

Barley condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 17 fair, 67 good, and 10 excellent. Barley coloring was 98 percent. Mature was 78 percent. Harvested was 19 percent, well behind 77 last year and 62 average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 17 fair, 67 good, and 10 excellent. Dry edible peas dropping leaves was 95 percent. Harvested was 44 percent, well behind 80 last year and 64 average.

Sunflower condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 73 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 83 percent, behind 97 last year. Ray flowers dry was 10 percent, well behind 33 last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 67 good, and 7 excellent. Flaxseed coloring was 87 percent, behind 92 last year, but near 85 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 16 poor, 30 fair, 47 good, and 7 excellent. Potatoes rows closed was 90 percent. Vines dry was 4 percent, behind 16 last year.

Dry edible bean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 12 poor, 35 fair, 44 good, and 6 excellent. Dry edible beans setting pods was 94 percent. Dropping leaves was 21 percent, well behind 56 last year, and behind 27 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 9 poor, 26 fair, 55 good, and 9 excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 70 percent, behind 86 last year and 79 average.

Lentils harvested was 4 percent, well behind 35 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 9 poor, 21 fair, 49 good, and 18 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 78 adequate, and 10 surplus.

Minnesota

Dry weather continued across Minnesota leading to 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 18, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Crop development continued and small grain harvest continued, but remained well behind average. Other field activities for the week included spraying crops and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 11 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus.

Fifty-five percent of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, remaining 10 days behind last year and 8 days behind normal. Scattered reports of corn reaching dent stage were reported. Corn condition was rated marginally less than last week at 55 percent good to excellent.

Soybeans were nearly done blooming. Eighty-seven percent of soybeans were setting pods, remaining 5 days behind average. Soybean condition improved slightly to 60 percent good to excellent.

Spring wheat harvested reached 14 percent, two weeks behind normal. Spring wheat condition remained at 83 percent good to excellent. Forty-nine percent of oats have been harvested, 9 days behind average. Oat condition also did not change but remained at 67 percent good to excellent. Thirty-four percent of the barley crop has been harvested, 12 days behind normal. Barley condition improved to 80 percent good to excellent

Dry edible beans were almost done blooming. Dry edible beans setting pods progressed to 90 percent this week, 3 days behind normal. A few reports of dropping leaves were reported. Dry edible beans condition improved to 66 percent good to excellent. Sunflower condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. Potato condition rated 95 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 77 percent good to excellent, the same as the previous week.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was also nearly complete. Pasture condition rated 71 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week.

Iowa

Much needed rain fell across parts of Iowa during the week ending August 18, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Fieldwork activities included scouting, spraying fungicides and insecticides and harvesting hay and oats.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 6 percent very short, 25 percent short, 67 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus. Rain this past week helped improve topsoil moisture conditions except for the southeast district which remained at 64 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 4 percent very short, 23 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus.

Nearly all the corn crop has begun to silk at 96 percent statewide. Fifty-nine percent of the crop reached the dough stage, 12 days behind last year and 9 days behind the 5-year average. Seven percent of the crop reached the dented stage, 2 weeks behind last year and 10 days behind average. Corn condition rated 65 percent good to excellent. Ninety-three percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, 2 weeks behind last year and 10 days behind average. Seventy-one percent of the crop has started setting pods, 17 days behind last year and nearly 2 weeks behind average.

Soybean condition declined slightly from the previous week to 61 percent good to excellent. Oats harvested for grain has almost wrapped up at 97 percent complete statewide.The second cutting of alfalfa hay was nearly complete at 96 percent. The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 36 percent, 9 days behind average. Hay condition rated 55 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition declined for the seventh straight week and rated a season low 42 percent good to excellent. Comments mentioned pasture regrowth has been slow and supplemental hay feeding has been used due to drier than normal pasture conditions. Some livestock have struggled with continued temperature fluctuations.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending August 18, 2019, there were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 11 short, 77 adequate, and 10 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 79 adequate, and 10 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 59 good, and 15 excellent. Corn dough was 61 percent, well behind 86 last year, and behind 80 for the five-year average. Dented was 17 percent, behind 35 last year and 27 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 22 fair, 62 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 93 percent, behind 99 both last year and average. Setting pods was 78 percent, behind 90 last year and 87 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 96 percent, near 100 both last year and average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 18 fair, 70 good, and 11 excellent. Sorghum headed was 85 percent, behind 95 last year and 92 average. Coloring was 13 percent, well behind 40 last year, and behind 31 average.

Oats harvested was 94 percent, behind 100 last year, and near 96 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 5 percent very poor, 18 poor, 20 fair, 50 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 92 percent. Setting pods was 75 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 65 good, and 18 excellent.