Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending August 25, 2019, there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 72 adequate, and 25 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 71 adequate, and 26 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 3 percent very poor, 7 poor, 27 fair, 45 good, and 18 excellent. Corn silking was 97 percent, near 100 last year and 99 for the five-year average. Dough was 56 percent, well behind 93 last year and 85 average. Dented was 7 percent, well behind 53 last year and 32 average.

Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 8 poor, 31 fair, 41 good, and 17 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 93 percent, behind 100 last year and 99 average. Setting pods was 73 percent, well behind 96 last year and 94 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 89 percent, behind 100 last year and 98 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor, 33 fair, 52 good, and 10 excellent. Spring wheat harvested was 53 percent, well behind 96 last year and 85 average.

Oats harvested was 79 percent, well behind 99 last year, and behind 95 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 22 fair, 67 good, and 8 excellent. Sorghum headed was 90 percent, near 92 last year and 94 average. Coloring was 25 percent, behind 39 last year and 37 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor, 17 fair, 51 good, and 27 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending August 25, 2019, there were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 12 short, 77 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 13 short, 71 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 7 poor, 28 fair, 55 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 89 percent, behind 99 last year and 96 for the five-year average. Dropping leaves was 3 percent, well behind 25 last year, and behind 14 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 24 fair, 61 good, and 8 excellent. Spring wheat mature was 89 percent, behind 97 last year. Harvested was 34 percent, well behind 74 last year and 60 average.

Durum wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 34 fair, 59 good, and 3 excellent. Durum wheat mature was 81 percent, behind 94 last year, but near 77 average. Harvested was 24 percent, well behind 49 last year.

Winter wheat harvested was 77 percent, behind 94 last year and 83 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 20 fair, 64 good, and 9 excellent. Corn silking was 98 percent, near 100 last year, and equal to average. Dough was 47 percent, well behind 91 last year and 75 average. Dented was 5 percent, well behind 44 last year and 25 average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 30 fair, 58 good, and 6 excellent. Canola coloring was 93 percent. Harvested was 11 percent, well behind 39 last year and 34 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 8 fair, 14 good, and 75 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 4 percent, equal to last year, and near 3 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 68 good, and 14 excellent. Oats coloring was 96 percent. Mature was 78 percent, behind 96 last year. Harvested was 40 percent, well behind 80 last year and 72 average.

Barley condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 70 good, and 6 excellent. Barley mature was 91 percent. Harvested was 46 percent, well behind 90 last year and 75 average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 69 good, and 8 excellent. Dry edible peas harvested was 75 percent, behind 92 last year and 80 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 76 good, and 5 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 94 percent. Ray flowers dry was 19 percent, well behind 63 last year and 40 average. Bracts turned yellow was 1 percent, well behind 30 last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 24 fair, 71 good, and 3 excellent. Flaxseed coloring was 92 percent, near 96 last year and 93 average. Harvested was 6 percent, well behind 50 last year and 27 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 21 poor, 31 fair, 45 good, and 3 excellent. Potatoes rows closed was 95 percent. Vines dry was 15 percent, behind 28 last year.

Dry edible bean condition rated 4 percent very poor, 13 poor, 32 fair, 47 good, and 4 excellent. Dry edible beans setting pods was 98 percent. Dropping leaves was 39 percent, well behind 73 last year, and behind 47 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 9 poor, 27 fair, 53 good, and 10 excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 82 percent, behind 91 last year, and near 85 average.

Lentils harvested was 16 percent, well behind 45 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 9 poor, 21 fair, 56 good, and 9 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 10 short, 82 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Minnesota

Mostly dry weather with some scattered rain showers occurred across Minnesota leading to 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 25, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Crop development and small grain harvest continued, but both remained well behind average. Other field activities for the week included fall tillage after the conclusion of harvest in some small grain fields.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 80 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus.

Seventy-four percent of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, remaining 9 days behind last year and 7 days behind the 5-year average. Corn dented was 7 percent, over 2 weeks behind last year and 12 days behind normal. Corn condition was rated 55 percent good to excellent. Ninety-four percent of soybeans were setting pods, remaining 10 days behind last year and 4 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 60 percent good to excellent.

Spring wheat harvested reached 45 percent, 10 days behind normal. Spring wheat condition remained at 83 percent good to excellent. Seventy-six percent of oats have been harvested, 5 days behind average. Seventy-six percent of the barley crop has been harvested, 4 days behind normal.

Dry edible beans setting pods progressed to 98 percent this week, now 3 days ahead of normal. Dry edible beans dropping leaves reached 15 percent this week, only 1 day behind the average. Dry edible beans condition rated 65 percent good to excellent. Sunflower condition rated 82 percent good to excellent. Potatoes harvested reached 10 percent, 9 days behind average. Potato condition rated 93 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 77 percent good to excellent, the same as the previous week.

Pasture condition rated 69 percent good to excellent, declining from the previous week.

Iowa

Rain across most of Iowa improved dry soil conditions during the week ending August 25, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Reporters throughout the State mentioned the need for warmer weather as cooler than normal temperatures have slowed crop development. Fieldwork activities included spraying fungicides and insecticides on late planted crops and harvesting hay.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 3 percent very short, 20 percent short, 75 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus. The Northwest District was the only district where topsoil moisture condition became drier this past week. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 4 percent very short, 20 percent short, 74 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus.

Seventy-six percent of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, 11 days behind last year and 9 days behind the 5-year average. Twenty-one percent of the crop reached the dented stage, 2 weeks behind last year and 9 days behind average. Corn condition rated 65 percent good to excellent. Nearly all the soybean crop has started to bloom at 96 percent statewide, 11 days behind average. Eighty-four percent of the crop has started setting pods, 17 days behind last year and 12 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 62 percent good to excellent. The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 49 percent, 11 days behind average. Hay condition rated 57 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition improved slightly for the first time in 7 weeks and rated 44 percent good to excellent. There were no reported livestock issues this past week.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending August 25, 2019, there were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 76 adequate, and 15 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 77 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 57 good, and 17 excellent. Corn dough was 80 percent, behind 93 last year and 90 for the five-year average. Dented was 36 percent, well behind 56 last year, and behind 49 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 61 good, and 12 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 97 percent, near 100 both last year and average. Setting pods was 83 percent, behind 95 last year and 94 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 66 good, and 16 excellent. Sorghum headed was 94 percent, behind 99 last year, and near 98 average. Coloring was 21 percent, well behind 59 last year and 48 average.

Oats harvested was 97 percent, near 100 last year and 99 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 10 percent very poor, 18 poor, 16 fair, 49 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 98 percent. Setting pods was 92 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 14 fair, 65 good, and 17 excellent.