Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending September 1, 2019, there were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 73 adequate, and 24 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 72 adequate, and 25 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 27 fair, 49 good, and 16 excellent. Corn dough was 76 percent, well behind 97 last year, and behind 92 for the five-year average. Dented was 18 percent, well behind 71 last year and 53 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 32 fair, 46 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 96 percent, near 100 both last year and average. Setting pods was 85 percent, behind 99 last year and 97 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 96 percent, near 100 last year and 99 average.

Spring wheat harvested was 79 percent, well behind 99 last year, and behind 91 average.

Oats harvested was 92 percent, behind 100 last year and 98 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 74 good, and 9 excellent. Sorghum headed was 95 percent, equal to last year, and near 96 average. Coloring was 38 percent, behind 51 last year and 55 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 14 fair, 55 good, and 27 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending September 1, 2019, there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 8 short, 82 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 14 short, 76 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 27 fair, 57 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 93 percent, behind 100 last year and 99 for the five-year average. Dropping leaves was 7 percent, well behind 35 last year, and behind 25 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent. Spring wheat mature was 95 percent, near 99 last year, and equal to average. Harvested was 52 percent, well behind 86 last year and 73 average.

Durum wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 29 fair, 58 good, and 6 excellent. Durum wheat mature was 91 percent. Harvested was 34 percent, well behind 72 last year and 56 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 88 percent.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 64 good, and 10 excellent. Corn dough was 72 percent, well behind 95 last year, and behind 87 average. Dented was 8 percent, well behind 67 last year and 44 average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 24 fair, 62 good, and 7 excellent. Canola coloring was 98 percent. Harvested was 21 percent, well behind 57 last year and 53 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 7 fair, 13 good, and 75 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 6 percent, near 7 last year and 5 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 25 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent. Oats mature was 86 percent. Harvested was 58 percent, well behind 90 last year and 81 average.

Barley mature was 96 percent. Harvested was 64 percent, well behind 94 last year and 84 average.

Dry edible peas harvested was 84 percent, behind 97 last year.

Sunflower condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 13 fair, 77 good, and 7 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 97 percent. Ray flowers dry was 36 percent, well behind 81 last year and 65 average. Bracts turned yellow was 6 percent, well behind 55 last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 70 good, and 4 excellent. Flaxseed coloring was 96 percent. Harvested was 11 percent, well behind 63 last year and 42 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 15 poor, 33 fair, 47 good, and 5 excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 49 percent, behind 54 last year, but ahead of 34 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 10 poor, 29 fair, 51 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 63 percent, well behind 84 last year, and near 67 average. Harvested was 1 percent, well behind 34 last year, and behind 14 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 2 percent very poor, 18 poor, 26 fair, 46 good, and 8 excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 86 percent, behind 94 last year.

Lentils harvested was 23 percent, well behind 72 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 21 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 3 percent very short, 8 short, 85 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Minnesota

Mostly dry, but much cooler than normal temperatures across Minnesota have slowed crop development during the week ending September 1, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included fall tillage and manure spreading following the conclusion of harvested small grain fields. The start of canola harvest was reported this week. Other reports indicated some issues with aphids in soybean fields.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 13 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus.

Eighty-four percent of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, falling to 11 days behind last year and 9 days behind the 5-year average. Corn dented was 25 percent, nearly 2 weeks behind last year and 10 days behind normal. Corn harvested for silage reached 2 percent this week. Corn condition was rated 55 percent good to excellent. Ninety-seven percent of soybeans were setting pods, nearly 2 weeks behind last year and 6 days behind average. Soybeans turning color reached 7 percent, 10 days behind both last year and the average. Soybean condition rated 58 percent good to excellent, declining slightly from the previous week.

Spring wheat harvested reached 65 percent, 9 days behind normal. Eighty-eight percent of oats have been harvested, 3 days behind average. Ninety-two percent of the barley crop has been harvested, now 1 day ahead of the average.

Dry edible beans dropping leaves reached 48 percent this week, now 3 days ahead of average. Dry edible beans harvested reached 2 percent this week. Dry edible beans condition rated 67 percent good to excellent, improving slightly from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 78 percent good to excellent, declining from the previous week. Potatoes harvested reached 15 percent, 8 days behind average. Potato condition rated 93 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet harvest was 5 percent complete this week. Sugarbeet condition was rated 81 percent good to excellent, improving from the previous week.

Pasture condition rated 66 percent good to excellent, declining from the previous week.

Iowa

Iowa farmers had mostly dry field conditions and below normal temperatures during the week ending September 1, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Fieldwork activities included wrapping up fungicide and insecticide applications and harvesting hay. There were a few comments of farmers starting to chop corn silage.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 4 percent very short, 26 percent short, 69 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Areas in 12 counties within the east central and southeast Iowa districts were rated as D1 moderate drought according to the August 29, 2019, U.S. Drought Monitor. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 4 percent very short, 25 percent short, 70 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus.

Eighty-six percent of the corn crop was in or beyond the dough stage, 12 days behind last year and 10 days behind the 5-year average. Forty-one percent of the crop reached the dented stage, 2 weeks behind last year and 9 days behind average. One percent of corn had reached maturity, 11 days behind average. Corn condition rated 62 percent good to excellent. Ninety percent of the soybean crop has started setting pods, 18 days behind last year and 12 days behind average. Three percent of the crop has started coloring, 11 days behind average. Soybean condition rated 60 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 64 percent, 9 days behind average. Pasture condition rated 45 percent good to excellent. Livestock experienced little stress this past week.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending September 1, 2019, there were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 78 adequate, and 11 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 77 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 17 fair, 56 good, and 21 excellent. Corn dough was 90 percent, behind 97 last year and 95 for the five-year average. Dented was 54 percent, behind 70 last year and 66 average. Mature was 1 percent, behind 8 last year and 7 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 16 fair, 64 good, and 15 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 90 percent, behind 97 last year and 98 average. Dropping leaves was 1 percent, behind 14 last year and 10 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 12 fair, 68 good, and 19 excellent. Sorghum headed was 97 percent, near 100 both last year and average. Coloring was 27 percent, well behind 73 last year and 67 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 17 poor, 24 fair, 50 good, and 6 excellent. Dry edible beans setting pods was 95 percent. Dropping leaves was 12 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 66 good, and 19 excellent.