Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending September 15, 2019, there were 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 0 short, 51 adequate, and 49 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 48 adequate, and 51 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 23 fair, 50 good, and 19 excellent. Corn dough was 93 percent, behind 100 last year and 99 for the five-year average. Dented was 50 percent, well behind 94 last year and 84 average. Mature was 6 percent, well behind 42 last year and 26 average.

Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 26 fair, 50 good, and 15 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 94 percent, behind 100 both last year and average. Dropping leaves was 9 percent, well behind 65 last year and 51 average.

Winter wheat planted was 5 percent, well behind 26 last year, and behind 22 average.

Spring wheat harvested was 96 percent, near 100 last year and 98 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 17 fair, 78 good, and 3 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 65 percent, behind 75 last year and 81 average. Mature was 5 percent, behind 14 last year and 18 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 51 good, and 24 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending September 15, 2019, there were 1.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 2 short, 69 adequate, and 28 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 6 short, 71 adequate, and 20 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 27 fair, 56 good, and 8 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 42 percent, well behind 78 last year and 64 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat harvested was 73 percent, well behind 97 last year, and behind 91 average.

Durum wheat mature was 96 percent. Harvested was 50 percent, well behind 93 last year and 79 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 95 percent. The 2020 crop was 8 percent planted, well behind 35 last year and 31 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 63 good, and 11 excellent. Corn dough was 92 percent, behind 99 last year and 97 average. Dented was 38 percent, well behind 91 last year and 78 average. Mature was 3 percent, well behind 43 last year, and behind 22 average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 28 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent. Canola harvested was 47 percent, well behind 85 last year and 82 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 7 fair, 15 good, and 74 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 11 percent, near 9 both last year and average.

Oats mature was 97 percent. Harvested was 79 percent, behind 98 last year and 93 average.

Barley harvested was 88 percent, behind 98 last year and 95 average.

Dry edible peas harvested was 93 percent.

Sunflower condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 75 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 78 percent, behind 92 last year and 87 average. Bracts turned yellow was 49 percent, well behind 79 last year, and behind 61 average. Bracts turned brown was 7 percent, well behind 38 last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 8 poor, 24 fair, 62 good, and 6 excellent. Flaxseed harvested was 34 percent, well behind 83 last year and 71 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 11 poor, 39 fair, 44 good, and 6 excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 74 percent, behind 82 last year, but near 72 average. Harvested was 11 percent, near 14 last year and 15 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 33 fair, 51 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 84 percent, behind 97 last year and 93 average. Harvested was 13 percent, well behind 72 last year and 44 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 28 fair, 54 good, and 13 excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 95 percent.

Lentils harvested was 40 percent, well behind 93 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 23 fair, 56 good, and 12 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 70 adequate, and 21 surplus.

Minnesota

Wet and cool weather allowed for only 1.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending September 15, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There was limited harvest activity for corn silage, potatoes, sugarbeets and dry beans when farmers were able to get into the fields.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 55 percent adequate and 42 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 60 percent adequate and 37 percent surplus.

Ninety-five percent of the corn crop reached the dough stage or beyond, remaining behind last year and the 5-year average. Corn dented or beyond was 59 percent, 16 days behind last year and 2 weeks behind normal. Corn harvested for silage reached 10 percent this week, 12 days behind normal. Corn condition was rated 52 percent good to excellent, down slightly from the previous week. Forty-seven percent of soybeans were turning color or beyond, 10 days behind last year and 8 days behind average. Fourteen percent of soybeans have begun dropping leaves, 11 days behind last year and 8 days behind average. Soybean condition dropped slightly to 55 percent good to excellent.

Spring wheat harvested reached 83 percent, almost 2 weeks behind average. Ninety-seven percent of oats have been harvested, 6 days behind normal.

Dry edible beans dropping leaves or beyond reached 79 percent this week, 2 days behind average. Dry edible beans harvested reached 12 percent this week, 10 days behind normal. Dry edible bean condition rated 60 percent good to excellent, down from the previous week’s 68 percent. Sunflower condition rated 72 percent good to excellent. Potatoes harvested reached 26 percent, remaining 10 days behind average. Potato condition rated 90 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet harvest was 9 percent complete, equal to normal. Sugarbeet condition was rated 83 percent good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week.

Pasture condition rated 64 percent good to excellent, improving slightly from the previous week.

Iowa

Heavy rains fell across much of Iowa with just 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the week ending September 15, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities included harvesting hay and seed corn, chopping silage, and seeding cover crops.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 13 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. Precipitation this past week helped increase topsoil moisture levels in all districts. However, the topsoil moisture rating in east central, south central and southeast Iowa districts remains above 25 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 3 percent very short, 18 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 3 percent surplus.

Ninety-four percent of the corn crop was in or beyond the dough stage, over two weeks behind both last year and the 5-year average. Seventy-four percent of the crop has reached the dented stage, 15 days behind last year and 10 days behind average. Eight percent of corn reached maturity, 19 days behind last year and 13 days behind average. Corn condition improved slightly from the previous week to 65 percent good to excellent. Nearly all of the soybean crop has started setting pods at 96 percent statewide, over two weeks behind average. Forty percent of the crop has begun coloring, 11 days behind last year and 8 days behind average. Five percent of soybeans began dropping leaves, almost 2 weeks behind last year and 10 days behind average. Soybean condition also improved slightly from the previous week to 63 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 84 percent, 4 days behind average. Pasture condition rated 43 percent good to excellent. There were a few reports of high numbers of insects around livestock and concerns for livestock in permanent pastures.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending September 15, 2019, there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 8 short, 82 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 7 short, 83 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 21 fair, 54 good, and 17 excellent. Corn dough was 97 percent, near 100 last year and 99 for the five-year average. Dented was 82 percent, behind 91 last year and 90 average. Mature was 19 percent, well behind 41 last year, and behind 35 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 21 fair, 61 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 98 percent, near 100 both last year and average. Dropping leaves was 22 percent, well behind 59 last year and 44 average.

Winter wheat planted was 19 percent, equal to last year, and behind 26 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 17 fair, 64 good, and 17 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 84 percent, behind 90 last year and 91 average. Mature was 6 percent, well behind 26 last year, and behind 23 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 10 percent very poor, 22 poor, 25 fair, 38 good, and 5 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 61 percent. Harvested was 11 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 60 good, and 18 excellent.