USDA September crop production summaries

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — Based on September 1 conditions, South Dakota’s 2019 corn crop is forecast at 626 million bushels, down 20 percent from last year’s production, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Acreage harvested for grain is estimated at 4.01 million acres, down 17 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 156 bushels per acre, down 4 bushels from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 152 million bushels, down 41 percent from last year. Acres for harvest, at 3.46 million acres, is down 38 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 44 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from last year.

Sorghum production is forecast at 14.1 million bushels, down 12 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 170,000 acres, is 15 percent below 2018. Yield is forecast at 83 bushels per acre, up 3 bushels from last year.

Dry edible pea production is forecast at 390,000 cwt, down 2 percent from a year ago. Area for harvest, at 15,000 acres, is down 21 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 2,600 pounds per acre, up 500 pounds from last year.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — Based on September 1 conditions, North Dakota’s 2019 soybean crop is forecast at 198 million bushels, down 19 percent from last year according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Area for harvest, at 5.65 million acres, is 18 percent below 2018. Average yield is forecast at 35.0 bushels per acre, down 0.5 bushel from last year.

Corn production is forecast at 474 million bushels, up 6 percent from last year’s production. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 3.27 million acres, up 12 percent from 2018. Average yield is forecast at 145 bushels per acre, down 8.0 bushels from last year.

Sugarbeet for production is forecast at 5.85 million tons, up 2 percent from last year’s crop. Area for harvest, at 209,000 acres, is up 5 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 28.0 tons per acre, down 0.8 tons from last year.

Lentil production is forecast at 1.44 million cwt, down 40 percent from a year ago. Area for harvest, at 90,000 acres, is down 49 percent from 2018. Average yield is forecast at a record high 1,600 pounds per acre, up 230 pounds from last year.

Dry edible pea production is forecast at 10.1 million cwt, up 26 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 405,000 acres, is up 11 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at a record high 2,500 pounds per acre, up 300 pounds from 2018.

All chickpeas production is forecast at 660,000 cwt, down 65 percent from a year ago. Area for harvest at 39,000 acres, is down 64 from 2018. Average yield is forecast at 1,690 pounds per acre, down 50 pounds from last year.

Minnesota

Minnesota corn production is forecast at 1.27 billion bushels, down 7 percent from last year, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service — Crop Production report. Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 171 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from the August 1 forecast and a decrease of 11 bushels per acre from last year. Corn planted acreage is estimated at 7.90 million acres. An estimated 7.40 million of the acres planted will be harvested for grain.

Soybean production is forecast at 307 million bushels, down 21 percent from last year. The yield is forecast at 45.0 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from the August 1 forecast and 5.5 bushels below 2018. Soybean planted acreage is estimated at 6.90 million acres with 6.82 million acres to be harvested.

Sugarbeet production is estimated at 11.2 million tons, up 7 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 26.7 tons per acre, down 0.8 ton from the August 1 forecast but up 1.0 ton from last year.

The forecasts in this report are based on September 1 conditions and do not reflect weather effects since that time. The next crop production forecasts, based on conditions as of October 1, will be released on October 10.

Iowa

Iowa corn production is forecast at 2.52 billion bushels according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Crop Production report. Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 191 bushels per acre, unchanged from the August 1 forecast, but down 5 bushels per acre from last year. Corn planted acreage is estimated at 13.6 million acres. An estimated 13.2 million of the acres planted will be harvested for grain.

Soybean production is forecast at 493 million bushels. The yield is forecast at 54.0 bushels per acre, down 1.0 bushel per acre from the August 1 forecast, and 3.0 bushels per acre lower than 2018. Soybean planted acreage is estimated at 9.20 million acres with 9.13 million acres to be harvested.

The forecasts in this report are based on September 1 conditions and do not reflect weather effects since that time. The next corn and soybean production forecasts, based on conditions as of October 1, will be released on October 10.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — Based on September 1 conditions, Nebraska’s 2019 corn crop is a record forecast at 1.79 billion bushels, up slightly from last year’s production, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Area harvested for grain, at 9.65 million acres, is up 4 percent from a year ago. Average yield is forecast at 186 bushels per acre, down 6 bushels from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 287 million bushels, down 14 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 4.95 million acres, is down 12 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 58 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from a year ago.

Sorghum for grain production of 15.3 million bushels is down 4 percent from a year ago. Area for harvest, at 165,000 acres, is down 3 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 93 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from last year.

Sugarbeet production is forecast at 1.21 million tons, down 14 percent from 2018. Area for harvest, at 43,200 acres, is down 2 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 28.1 tons per acre, down 3.8 tons from a year ago.

Dry edible pea production is forecast at 648,000 cwt, down 28 percent from a year ago. Area for harvest, at 27,000 acres, is down 45 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 2,400 pounds per acre, up 560 pounds from last year.

United States summary

Corn production for grain is forecast at 13.8 billion bushels, down 1 percent from the previous forecast and down 4 percent from last year. Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 168.2 bushels per harvested acre, down 1.3 bushels from the previous forecast and down 8.2 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 82.0 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but up less than 1 percent from 2018.

Soybean production for beans is forecast at 3.63 billion bushels, down 1 percent from the previous forecast and down 20 percent from last year. Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 47.9 bushels per harvested acre, down 0.6 bushel from the previous forecast and down 3.7 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for beans is forecast at 75.9 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but down 14 percent from 2018.

Special note

All forecasts in this report are based on conditions as of September 1, 2019 and assume normal weather for the remainder of the growing season. Data were not adjusted to account for any potential departures from normal between now and harvest. In addition to producer surveys, NASS also conducted objective yield surveys for corn, cotton, and soybeans for this month’s forecasts. These data were supplemented with remotely sensed indications.