Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending September 22, 2019, there were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 63 adequate, and 36 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 61 adequate, and 37 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 27 fair, 51 good, and 15 excellent. Corn dough was 97 percent, near 100 for both last year and the five-year average. Dented was 71 percent, well behind 98 last year and 92 average. Mature was 12 percent, well behind 64 last year and 44 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 31 fair, 48 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 97 percent, near 100 both last year and average. Dropping leaves was 30 percent, well behind 81 last year and 73 average.

Winter wheat planted was 24 percent, well behind 50 last year and 45 average. Emerged was 4 percent, near 7 last year and 5 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 23 fair, 67 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 78 percent, behind 84 last year and 88 average. Mature was 15 percent, behind 23 last year and 31 average. Harvested was 2 percent, near 1 last year and 3 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 52 good, and 23 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending September 22, 2019, there were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 72 adequate, and 26 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 74 adequate, and 21 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 30 fair, 54 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 67 percent, well behind 90 last year, and behind 83 for the five-year average. Harvested was 1 percent, behind 19 last year and 10 average.

Spring wheat harvested was 85 percent, behind 99 last year and 95 average.

Durum wheat harvested was 73 percent, well behind 97 last year.

Winter wheat planted was 31 percent, well behind 52 last year and 51 average. Emerged was 6 percent, near 10 last year.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 22 fair, 62 good, and 9 excellent. Corn dough was 97 percent, near 100 last year and 99 average. Dented was 59 percent, well behind 95 last year and 89 average. Mature was 5 percent, well behind 62 last year and 37 average.

Canola harvested was 61 percent, well behind 90 both last year and average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 7 fair, 15 good, and 74 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 13 percent, equal to last year, and near 11 average.

Oats harvested was 90 percent, behind 99 last year and 97 average.

Barley harvested was 94 percent, behind 99 last year, and near 97 average.

Dry edible peas harvested was 96 percent.

Sunflower condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 75 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 88 percent, behind 96 last year. Bracts turned yellow was 66 percent, well behind 89 last year, and behind 74 average. Bracts turned brown was 20 percent, well behind 55 last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 21 fair, 71 good, and 5 excellent. Flaxseed harvested was 55 percent, well behind 89 last year and 82 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 10 poor, 35 fair, 50 good, and 5 excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 85 percent, behind 92 last year, and near 87 average. Harvested was 26 percent, near 30 last year, and behind 32 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 36 fair, 52 good, and 5 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 93 percent. Harvested was 28 percent, well behind 84 last year and 59 average.

Lentils harvested was 69 percent, well behind 97 last year, and behind 88 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 61 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 7 short, 70 adequate, and 22 surplus.

Minnesota

Warm weather followed by rain towards the weekend allowed for 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending September 22, 2019, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The much warmer than normal temperatures across Minnesota aided crop development in a much needed way. Harvest progress was made for most crops, but was limited due to rain towards the end of the week. Small grain harvest is nearing completion, while other crops are slowly starting to be harvested as farmers await drier conditions.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 55 percent adequate and 43 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 59 percent adequate and 39 percent surplus.

Corn dented or beyond was 75 percent, 16 days behind last year and 2 weeks behind the 5-year average. Eight percent of corn was mature, 19 days behind last year and 2 weeks behind normal. Corn harvested for silage reached 21 percent this week, 13 days behind average. Corn condition was rated 55 percent good to excellent, rising slightly from the previous week. Seventy-five percent of soybeans were turning color or beyond, 9 days behind last year and 1 week behind the average. Thirty-six percent of soybeans have begun dropping leaves, 10 days behind last year and 1 week behind normal. Soybean condition remained steady at 55 percent good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week.

Spring wheat harvested reached 94 percent, 9 days behind average. Oats harvested were nearly complete, 8 days behind normal.

Dry edible beans dropping leaves or beyond reached 91 percent this week, on par with the average. Dry edible beans harvested reached 20 percent this week, 13 days behind normal. Dry edible bean condition rated 68 percent good to excellent, up from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 71 percent good to excellent, falling slightly from the previous week. Potatoes harvested reached 35 percent, remaining 10 days behind average. Potato condition rated 90 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet harvest was 11 percent complete. Sugarbeet condition was rated 83 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition rated 60 percent good to excellent, declining from the previous week.

Iowa

Another week of heavy rainfall across Iowa allowed just 3.3 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the week ending September 22, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities included harvesting hay and seed corn, chopping silage, and seeding cover crops.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 75 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Precipitation this past week helped increase topsoil moisture levels in all districts; however, the Southeast District remains the driest with a topsoil moisture rating of 36 percent short to very short. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 2 percent very short, 9 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 10 percent surplus.

Nearly all of the corn crop was in or beyond the dough stage at 97 percent complete statewide, over 2 weeks behind the 5-year average. Eighty-two percent of the crop has reached the dented stage or beyond, 17 days behind last year and 12 days behind average. Eighteen percent of corn reached maturity, 19 days behind last year and 2 weeks behind average. There were a few reports of farmers in the central Iowa district that harvested corn for grain this past week. Corn condition rated 65 percent good to excellent. Sixty-five percent of the soybean crop has begun coloring or beyond, 11 days behind last year and 8 days behind average. Twenty-two percent of the crop has begun dropping leaves, 12 days behind last year and 9 days behind average. There were also a few reports of soybeans being harvested in the west central and central Iowa districts. Soybean condition rated 62 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 87 percent, just over a week behind average. Pasture condition rated 43 percent good to excellent. Continuous rainfall this past week caused feedlots to become muddy.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending September 22, 2019, there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 short, 76 adequate, and 11 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 82 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 20 fair, 55 good, and 16 excellent. Corn dented was 91 percent, behind 97 last year and 96 for the five-year average. Mature was 37 percent, well behind 65 last year, and behind 56 average. Harvested was 3 percent, behind 8 last year, and near 6 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 62 good, and 12 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 55 percent, well behind 81 last year, and behind 69 average.

Winter wheat planted was 51 percent, near 49 last year and 53 average.

Sorghum condition rated 3 percent very poor, 4 poor, 14 fair, 69 good, and 10 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 93 percent, near 94 last year and 96 average. Mature was 22 percent, well behind 45 last year and 43 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 15 percent very poor, 18 poor, 22 fair, 41 good, and 4 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 84 percent. Harvested was 37 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 61 good, and 15 excellent.