Area USDA October crop production reports

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — Based on October 1 conditions, South Dakota’s 2019 corn production is forecast at 604 million bushels, down 22 percent from last year’s production, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Area to be harvested for grain, at 3.92 million acres, is down 19 percent from a year ago. Yield is forecast at 154 bushels per acre, down 6 bushels from last year.

Sorghum for grain is forecast at 14.9 million bushels, down 7 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 180,000 acres, is down 10 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at a record 83 bushels per acre, up 3 bushels from last year.

Soybean production is a record forecast at 153 million bushels, down 39 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 3.56 million acres, is 36 percent below 2018. Yield is forecast at 43 bushels per acre, down 2.0 bushels from last year.

All sunflower production is forecast at 913 million pounds, down 6 percent from last year. Acreage for harvest, at 515,000 acres, is down 10,000 acres from 2018. Yield is forecast at 1,773 pounds per acre, down 67 pounds per acre from a year ago. Of the acres for harvest, non-oil sunflowers account for 45,000 acres and oil sunflowers account for 470,000 acres.

Alfalfa hay production, at 4.86 million tons, is up 29 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 1.80 million acres, is up 3 percent from a year ago. Yield of 2.70 tons per acre, is up 0.55 ton from 2018. All other hay production, at 2.47 million tons, is up 22 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 1.45 million acres, is down 3 percent from a year ago. Yield of 1.70 tons per acre, is up 0.35 ton from 2018.

Special note: All forecasts in this report are based on conditions as of October 1, 2019 and assume normal weather for the remainder of the growing season. Data were not adjusted to account for any potential departures from normal between now and harvest. As is done every year in October, planted and harvested acreage estimates were reviewed for corn, sorghum, soybeans, and sunflower and updated as needed based on all available data, including the latest certified acreage data from the Farm Service Agency (FSA). All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — Based on October 1 conditions, North Dakota’s 2019 corn production is forecast at 483 million bushels, up 8 percent from last year’s production, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Area to be harvested for grain, at 3.31 million acres, is up 13 percent from a year ago. Yield is forecast at 146 bushels per acre, down 7 bushels from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 194 million bushels, down 19 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 5.55 million acres, is 19 percent below 2018. Yield is forecast at 35 bushels per acre, unchanged from last year.

Dry edible bean production is forecast at 9.96 million cwt, down 8 percent from 2018. Area for harvest, at 600,000 acres, is down 2 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 1,660 pounds per acre, is down 100 pounds per acre from last year.

Sugarbeet production is forecast at 5.89 million tons, up 3 percent from 2018. Area for harvest, at 208,000 acres, is up 5 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 28.3 tons per acre, down 0.5 ton per acre from a year ago.

All sunflower production is forecast at 956 million pounds, up 29 percent from last year. Acreage for harvest, at 522,000 acres, is up 102,000 acres from 2018. Yield is forecast at 1,832 pounds per acre, up 72 pounds per acre from a year ago. Of the acres for harvest, non-oil sunflowers account for 62,000 acres and oil sunflowers account for 460,000 acres.

Canola production is forecast at a record 3.21 billion pounds, up 4 percent from last year. Acreage for harvest, at a record 1.69 million acres, is up 7 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 1,900 pounds per acre, down 60 pounds per acre from a year ago.

Alfalfa hay production, at 2.30 million tons, is down 8 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 1.35 million acres, is down 8 percent from a year ago. Yield of 1.70 tons per acre, is unchanged from 2018. All other hay production, at 2.21 million tons, is up 15 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 1.30 million acres, is up 8 percent from a year ago. Yield of 1.70 tons per acre, is up 0.10 ton from 2018.

Special note: All forecasts in this report are based on conditions as of October 1, 2019 and assume normal weather for the remainder of the growing season. Data were not adjusted to account for any potential departures from normal between now and harvest. As is done every year in October, planted and harvested acreage estimates were reviewed for corn, soybeans, sunflowers, canola, sugarbeets, and dry edible beans and updated as needed based on all available data, including the latest certified acreage data for the Farm Service Agency (FSA). All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.

Minnesota

Minnesota corn production is forecast at 1.26 billion bushels, down 7 percent from last year, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service — Crop Production report. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 173 bushels per acre, up 2 bushels from the September 1 forecast but a decrease of 9 bushels per acre from last year. Corn planted acreage is estimated at 7.80 million acres, down 100,000 acres from the previous forecast. An estimated 7.31 million of the acres planted will be harvested for grain, down 90,000 acres from the previous forecast.

Soybean production is forecast at 300 million bushels, down 20 percent from last year. The yield is forecast at 44.0 bushels per acre, down 1.0 bushel from the September 1 forecast and 5.0 bushels below 2018. Soybean planted acreage is estimated at 6.90 million acres with 6.82 million acres to be harvested, unchanged from the previous forecast.

Production of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures for hay is forecast at 2.47 million tons, up 20 percent from the previous year. Yield is expected to average 2.90 tons per acre, up 0.05 ton from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 850,000 acres, up 130,000 acres from 2018. Production of other hay is forecast at 900,000 tons, down 12 percent from last year. Yields are expected to average 2.00 tons per acre. Harvested area is forecast at 450,000 acres, down 50,000 acres from last year.

Dry edible bean production is forecast at a record high 4.32 million cwt, up 9 percent from last year. An expected 201,000 acres will be harvested, with an expected yield of 2,150 pounds per acre. Sugarbeet production is estimated at 11.4 million tons, up 8 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 27.0 tons per acre, up 0.3 ton from the September 1 forecast and up 1.3 tons from 2018. Acres expected to be harvested increased 13,000 acres from last year to 421,000 acres. Sunflower production is forecast at 108 million pounds, down 5 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 1,937 pounds per acre, with an expected 55,800 acres harvested. Canola production is forecast at 104 million pounds, up 13 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at a record high 2,130 pounds per acre, with an expected 49,000 acres harvested.

The forecasts in this report are based on October 1 conditions and do not reflect weather effects since that time. The next crop production forecasts, based on conditions as of November 1, will be released on November 8.

Note: Following a thorough review of all data, 2018 soybean acreage, yield and production have been revised. Soybean planted acreage, at 7.75 million acres, is down 50,000 acres from the previous estimate. Harvested acreage, at 7.65 million acres, is down 60,000 acres from the previous estimate. The 2018 yield, at 49.0 bushels per acre, is down 1.5 bushels from the previous estimate. Production has been revised to 375 million bushels, down 14.5 million bushels from the previous estimate. Updated 2018 district and county estimates will be available in February 2020.

Iowa

Iowa corn production is forecast at 2.52 billion bushels according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Crop Production report. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 192 bushels per acre, up 1 bushel from the September 1 forecast, but down 4 bushels per acre from last year. Corn planted acreage is estimated at 13.5 million acres. An estimated 13.1 million of the acres planted will be harvested for grain.

Soybean production is forecast at 484 million bushels. The yield is forecast at 53.0 bushels per acre, down 1.0 bushel per acre from the September 1 forecast, and 3.0 bushels per acre lower than 2018. Soybean planted acreage is estimated at 9.20 million acres with 9.13 million acres to be harvested.

Production of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures for hay is forecast at 2.24 million tons, a decrease of 2 percent from the previous year. Yield is expected to average 3.20 tons per acre, down 0.50 ton from last year. Production of other hay is forecast at 988,000 tons, up 40 percent from last year. Yield for other hay is expected to average 2.60 tons per acre, up 0.40 ton from last year.

The forecasts in this report are based on October 1 conditions and do not reflect weather effects since that time. The next corn and soybean production forecasts, based on conditions as of November 1, will be released on November 8.

Note: Following a thorough review of all data, 2018 soybean acreage, yield and production have been revised. Soybean planted acreage, at 9.95 million acres, is down 50,000 acres from the previous estimate. Harvested acreage, at 9.83 million acres, is down 80,000 acres from the previous estimate. The 2018 yield, at 56.0 bushels per acre, is down 1.0 bushel from the previous estimate. Production has been revised to 550 million bushels, down 14.4 million bushels from the previous estimate. Updated 2018 district and county estimates will be available in February 2020.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — Based on October 1 conditions, Nebraska’s 2019 corn production is a record forecast at 1.81 billion bushels, up 1 percent from last year’s production, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Area to be harvested for grain, at 9.75 million acres, is up 5 percent from a year ago. Yield is forecast at 186 bushels per acre, down 6 bushels from last year.

Sorghum for grain is forecast at 13.0 million bushels, down 19 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 140,000 acres, is down 18 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 93 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 277 million bushels, down 15 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 4.95 million acres, is 11 percent below 2018. Yield is forecast at 56 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from last year.

Dry edible bean production is forecast at 2.22 million cwt, down 32 percent from 2018. Area for harvest, at 110,000 acres, is down 16 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 2,020 pounds per acre, down 460 pounds per acre from last year. Beginning in 2019, chickpeas were excluded from the dry edible bean program.

Sugarbeet production is forecast at 1.20 million tons, down 14 percent from 2018. Area for harvest, at 43,600 acres, is down 1 percent from last year. Yield is estimated at 27.6 tons per acre, down 4.3 tons per acre from a year ago.

All sunflower production is forecast at 51.8 million pounds, up 9 percent from last year. Acreage for harvest, at 36,000 acres, is up 2,500 acres from 2018. Yield is forecast at 1,438 pounds per acre, up 24 pounds per acre from a year ago. Of the acres for harvest, non-oil sunflowers account for 9,000 acres and oil sunflowers account for 27,000 acres.

Alfalfa hay production, at 3.51 million tons, is down 4 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 900,000 acres, is up 6 percent from a year ago. Yield of 3.9 tons per acre, is down 0.4 ton from 2018. All other hay production, at 2.72 million tons, is down 18 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 1.60 million acres, is down 14 percent from a year ago. Yield of 1.7 tons per acre, is down 0.1 ton from 2018.

Special note: All forecasts in this report are based on conditions as of October 1, 2019 and assume normal weather for the remainder of the growing season. Data were not adjusted to account for any potential departures from normal between now and harvest. As is done every year in October, planted and harvested acreage estimates were reviewed for corn, sorghum, soybeans, sunflower, sugarbeets, and dry edible beans and updated as needed based on all available data, including the latest certified acreage data from the Farm Service Agency (FSA). All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.

United States summary

Corn production for grain is forecast at 13.8 billion bushels, down less than 1 percent from the previous forecast and down 4 percent from last year. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 168.4 bushels per harvested acre, up 0.2 bushel from the previous forecast but down 8.0 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 81.8 million acres, down less than 1 percent from the previous forecast but up slightly from 2018. Acreage updates were made in several States based on a thorough review of all available data.

Soybean production for beans is forecast at 3.55 billion bushels, down 2 percent from the previous forecast and down 20 percent from last year. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 46.9 bushels per acre, down 1.0 bushel from the previous forecast and down 3.7 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for beans in the United States is forecast at 75.6 million acres, down less than 1 percent from the previous forecast and down 14 percent from 2018. Acreage updates were made in several States based on a thorough review of all available data.