Area USDA January 2020 cattle inventory reports

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — All cattle and calves in South Dakota as of January 1, 2020 totaled 3.90 million head, down 4 percent from January 1, 2019, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

All cows and heifers that had calved totaled 1.90 million head, down 2 percent from last year.

Beef cows totaled 1.77 million head, down 2 percent from last year.

Milk cows totaled 127,000 head, up 4 percent from January 1, 2019.

All heifers 500 pounds and over totaled 865,000 head, down 11 percent from last year.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 710,000 head, down 3 percent from last year.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 110,000 head, up 5 percent from last year.

Calves under 500 pounds totaled 315,000 head, up 5 percent from January 1, 2019.

All cattle on feed fed for slaughter in South Dakota feedlots totaled 440,000 head, up 4 percent from the previous year.

The 2019 calf crop totaled 1.83 million head, down 3 percent from 2018.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — All cattle and calves in North Dakota as of January 1, 2020 totaled 1.90 million head, up 4 percent from January 1, 2019, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

All cows and heifers that had calved totaled 1.01 million head, up 2 percent from last year.

Beef cows totaled 995,000 head, up 2 percent from last year.

Milk cows totaled 15,000 head, unchanged from January 1, 2019.

All heifers 500 pounds and over totaled 430,000 head, up 4 percent from last year.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 275,000 head, up 8 percent from last year.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 70,000 head, up 8 percent from last year.

Calves under 500 pounds totaled 115,000 head, up 10 percent from January 1, 2019.

All cattle on feed fed for slaughter in North Dakota feedlots totaled 42,000 head, down 29 percent from the previous year.

The 2019 calf crop totaled 970,000 head, up 3 percent from 2018.

Minnesota

All cattle and calves in Minnesota as of January 1, 2020, totaled 2.28 million head, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Cattle report. This was down 2 percent from January 1, 2019. Beef cows, at 355,000 head, were down 4 percent from last year. Milk cows, at 445,000, were down 1 percent from last year.

All heifers 500 pounds and over, at 490,000 head, were down 6 percent from last year. Heifers for beef cow replacement remained at 95,000 head; heifers for milk cow replacement, at 225,000 head, were down 12 percent from the previous year; and all other heifers were unchanged at 170,000 head.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over were up 7 percent from last year to 520,000 head. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over were down 5,000 head at 30,000 head. Calves under 500 pounds on January 1, 2020, totaled 440,000 head, down 4 percent from last year.

The 2019 calf crop was estimated at 780,000 head, down 2 percent from 2018. Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots on January 1, 2020, totaled 400,000 head, down 2 percent from one year ago.

Iowa

All cattle and calves in Iowa as of January 1, 2020, totaled 3.90 million head, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Cattle report. This was down 50,000 head from January 1, 2019. Beef cows, at 905,000 head, were down 25,000 head from last year. Milk cow inventory was down 5,000 head at 215,000 head.

All heifers 500 pounds and over were up 5 percent to 880,000 head. Heifers for beef cow replacement were down 6 percent from 2019 to 145,000 head; heifers for milk cow replacement, at 115,000 head, were down 8 percent from the previous year; and all other heifers were up 11 percent to 620,000 head.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over were down 5 percent from last year at 1.32 million head. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over decreased 10,000 head to 60,000 head. Calves under 500 pounds on January 1, 2020, totaled 520,000 head, up 4 percent from last year.

The 2019 calf crop was estimated at 1.08 million head, down 3 percent from the 2018 calf crop. Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots on January 1, 2020, totaled 1.29 million head, down 2 percent from one year ago.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — All cattle and calves in Nebraska as of January 1, 2020 totaled 6.80 million head, unchanged from January 1, 2019, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

All cows and heifers that had calved totaled 1.98 million head, down 1 percent from last year.

Beef cows totaled 1.92 million head, down 1 percent from last year.

Milk cows totaled 58,000 head, down 2 percent from January 1, 2019.

All heifers 500 pounds and over totaled 1.91 million head, unchanged from last year.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 2.39 million head, up slightly from last year.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 120,000 head, up 9 percent from last year.

Calves under 500 pounds totaled 400,000 head, unchanged from January 1, 2019.

All cattle on feed fed for slaughter in Nebraska feedlots totaled 2.60 million head, down 5 percent from the previous year.

The 2019 calf crop totaled 1.80 million head, up 1 percent from 2018.

United States

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2020, totaled 94.4 million head, slightly below the 94.8 million head on January 1, 2019.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 40.7 million head, were 1 percent below the 41.0 million head on January 1, 2019. Beef cows, at 31.3 million head, were down 1 percent from a year ago. Milk cows, at 9.33 million head, were down slightly from the previous year.

All heifers 500 pounds and over as of January 1, 2020, totaled 20.1 million head, slightly below the 20.2 million head on January 1, 2019. Beef replacement heifers, at 5.77 million head, were down 2 percent from a year ago. Milk replacement heifers, at 4.64 million head, were down 1 percent from the previous year. Other heifers, at 9.71 million head, were 1 percent above a year earlier.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over as of January 1, 2020, totaled 16.7 million head, down 1 percent from January 1, 2019.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over as of January 1, 2020, totaled 2.24 million head, down 1 percent from January 1, 2019.

Calves under 500 pounds as of January 1, 2020, totaled 14.7 million head, up 1 percent from January 1, 2019.

Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for all feedlots totaled 14.7 million head on January 1, 2020. The inventory is up 2 percent from the January 1, 2019, total of 14.4 million head. Cattle on feed in feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head accounted for 81.5 percent of the total cattle on feed on January 1, 2020, up slightly from the previous year. The combined total of calves under 500 pounds and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds (outside of feedlots) at 26.4 million head, was slightly below January 1, 2019.

The 2019 calf crop in the United States was estimated at 36.1 million head, down 1 percent from last year’s calf crop. Calves born during the first half of 2019 were estimated at 26.4 million head, down slightly from the first half of 2018. Calves born during the second half of 2019 were estimated at 9.71 million head, 27 percent of the total 2019 calf crop.