Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending April 12, 2020, there were 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 0 short, 59 adequate, and 41 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 0 short, 60 adequate, and 40 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 19 fair, 77 good, and 4 excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 6 percent, behind 24 for the five-year average.

Oats planted was 5 percent, behind 22 average.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending April 12, 2020, there were 0.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intend to begin fieldwork on April 30th. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 55 adequate, and 44 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 60 adequate, and 39 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 71 good, and 7 excellent.

Due to wet conditions impeding harvest last fall, some crops remained in the field for harvest over the winter and in the spring. Corn harvested was 83 percent, up from 81 last week.

Pasture and Range Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 14 fair, 68 good, and 14 excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 2 percent heavy, 67 average, and 31 light. Calving progress was 46 percent complete, behind 52 last year and 54 for the five-year average.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 68 good, and 14 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 3 percent heavy, 65 average, and 32 light. Lambing progress was 66 percent complete, equal to last year, and behind 71 average. Shearing progress was 78 percent complete, near 80 last year.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 6 percent very short, 20 short, 65 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 72 adequate, and 27 surplus.

Minnesota

Continued soggy and snowy conditions limited field activities in northern Minnesota with 1.7 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the week ending April 12, 2020, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Warmer and drier weather in southern Minnesota allowed for limited small grain planting. Livestock producers reported manure hauling and calving. Other field activities for the week were fertilizer and manure application, rock picking, and vegetable planting.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 43 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 56 percent adequate, and 44 percent surplus.

Three percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, one week ahead of last year but 6 days behind the 5-year average. Potatoes were 1 percent planted.

Iowa

Fields began to dry for most of Iowa early in the week ending April 12, 2020, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. However, northwest Iowa saw accumulating snow on Sunday, April 12 with rain falling over much of the rest of the State. Statewide there were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week. Field activities for the week included applying anhydrous and dry fertilizer, spreading manure, and tilling fields. In addition to planting oats, there were reports of corn and soybeans being planted.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 19 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 80 percent adequate and 19 percent surplus.

Twenty-nine percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, 5 days ahead of last year and 1 day ahead of the 5-year average. There were scattered reports of oats emerged.

Pastures and hay continue to green. Calving continues with very few health problems reported.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending April 12, 2020, there were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 84 adequate, and 7 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 7 short, 85 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 18 fair, 69 good, and 6 excellent.

Oats planted was 33 percent, well ahead of 11 last year, but behind 43 for the five-year average. Emerged was 4 percent, near 1 last year and 8 average.