Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending April 26, 2020, there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 6 short, 72 adequate, and 22 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 73 adequate, and 26 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 8 percent, near 6 for the five-year average.

Soybeans planted was 1 percent.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 27 fair, 69 good, and 3 excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 36 percent, well ahead of 6 last year, but behind 51 average. Emerged was 7 percent, behind 16 average.

Oats planted was 42 percent, well ahead of 6 last year, but behind 49 average. Emerged was 9 percent, behind 22 average.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending April 26, 2020, there were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intend to begin fieldwork on April 28th. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 7 short, 61 adequate, and 32 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 65 adequate, and 32 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Spring wheat planted was 5 percent, near 4 last year, but behind 18 for the five-year average.

Durum wheat planted was 3 percent, equal to last year, and near 6 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 72 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 9 percent, ahead of 1 last year, and near 5 average.

Canola planted was 2 percent.

Sugarbeets planted was 1 percent, near 5 last year, and well behind 36 average.

Oats planted was 4 percent, near 1 last year, but behind 15 average.

Barley planted was 2 percent, near 1 last year, but behind 13 average.

Dry edible peas planted was 1 percent.

Due to wet conditions impeding harvest last fall, some crops remained in the field for harvest over the winter and in the spring. Corn harvested was 89 percent, up from 86 last week.

Pasture and Range Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 10 fair, 73 good, and 13 excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 2 percent heavy, 62 average, and 36 light. Calving progress was 66 percent complete, behind 72 last year.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 67 good, and 14 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 3 percent heavy, 64 average, and 33 light. Lambing progress was 84 percent complete, equal to last year. Shearing progress was 92 percent complete, near 91 last year.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 5 percent very short, 21 short, 66 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 85 adequate, and 13 surplus.

Minnesota

Dry, mild weather conditions allowed for rapid planting progress of corn, oats and sugarbeets according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the week ending April 26, 2020. Other field activities for the week were tilling, fertilizer application, as well as row crop and small grain planting.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 8 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 16 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 28 percent surplus.

Corn planting was in full swing at 40 percent complete, 20 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of the 5-year average. Soybean planting has begun and was 5 percent complete, 17 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of average.

Spring Wheat planting was 6 percent complete, one week ahead of last year but 15 days behind average. One-third of the oat crop was planted leading to 43 percent of the total planting progress complete. Barley was 11 percent planted compared to the average of 21 percent.

Potatoes were 17 percent planted, one week ahead of last year but 3 days behind average. Sugarbeets were 29 percent planted, 12 days ahead of last year but one week behind average.

Iowa

Although most of Iowa received spotty rains, there were 5.3 days suitable for field work during the week ending April 26, 2020, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. In contrast, it was mid-June before Iowa farmers had a week with 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork in 2019.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 85 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 87 percent adequate and 11 percent surplus.

Iowa farmers planted over one-third of the expected corn crop during the week ending April 26, for a total of 39 percent planted. Soybean planting got underway with 9 percent of the expected crop planted, 10 days ahead of last year and 1 week ahead of the average. Only 20 percent of Iowa’s expected oat crop remains to be planted, with just 22 percent of the oat crop emerged.

Pasture condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 54 percent good and 10 percent excellent. Cattle have been moved onto pastures in some areas. Warmer and drier conditions improved livestock conditions.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending April 26, 2020, there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 15 short, 81 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 12 short, 85 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 20 percent, ahead of 12 last year, and near 16 for the five-year average.

Soybeans planted was 8 percent, ahead of 2 both last year and average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 57 good, and 7 excellent.

Sorghum planted was 3 percent, near 1 both last year and average.

Oats planted was 77 percent, well ahead of 48 last year, and near 74 average. Emerged was 38 percent, well ahead of 13 last year, but near 42 average.