Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending May 24, 2020, there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 78 adequate, and 20 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 76 adequate, and 22 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 26 fair, 68 good, and 6 excellent. Corn planted was 86 percent, well ahead of 23 last year, and ahead of 74 for the five-year average. Emerged was 44 percent, well ahead of 1 last year, and near 41 average.

Soybeans planted was 62 percent, well ahead of 5 last year, and ahead of 47 average. Emerged was 19 percent, near 15 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 23 fair, 66 good, and 10 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 8 percent, behind 15 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 21 fair, 72 good, and 7 excellent. Spring wheat planted was 97 percent, well ahead of 76 last year, and near 94 average. Emerged was 76 percent, well ahead of 39 last year, but near 79 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 21 fair, 72 good, and 7 excellent. Oats emerged was 90 percent, well ahead of 41 last year, and ahead of 81 average.

Sorghum planted was 29 percent, well ahead of 2 last year, and near 27 average.

Sunflowers planted was 8 percent, behind 13 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 30 fair, 60 good, and 10 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending May 24, 2020, there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 short, 65 adequate, and 22 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 70 adequate, and 25 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybeans planted was 29 percent, behind 40 last year, and well behind 60 for the five-year average. Emerged was 4 percent, near 3 last year, but behind 16 average.

Spring wheat planted was 70 percent, behind 77 last year and 88 average. Emerged was 32 percent, behind 37 last year, and well behind 59 average.

Durum wheat planted was 70 percent, near 68 last year, but behind 80 average. Emerged was 30 percent, ahead of 24 last year, but behind 43 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 24 fair, 68 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 53 percent, ahead of 35 last year, but near 54 average.

Corn planted was 54 percent, near 57 last year, and well behind 79 average. Emerged was 12 percent, ahead of 6 last year, but well behind 35 average.

Canola planted was 51 percent, behind 69 last year, and well behind 78 average. Emerged was 13 percent, equal to last year, and well behind 36 average.

Sugar beets planted was 94 percent, near 96 last year, and behind 99 average.

Oats planted was 72 percent, near 69 last year, but behind 84 average. Emerged was 29 percent, ahead of 22 last year, but well behind 52 average.

Barley planted was 65 percent, behind 78 last year, and well behind 90 average. Emerged was 27 percent, near 31 last year, and well behind 60 average.

Dry edible peas planted was 79 percent, ahead of 74 last year, but behind 87 average. Emerged was 33 percent, ahead of 23 last year, but well behind 53 average.

Sunflowers planted was 17 percent, equal to last year, and behind 33 average.

Flaxseed planted was 52 percent, behind 58 last year and 66 average. Emerged was 9 percent, near 12 last year, and behind 21 average.

Potatoes planted was 66 percent, behind 77 last year and 75 average. Emerged was 8 percent, ahead of 2 last year, but near 11 average.

Dry edible beans planted was 23 percent, behind 42 last year, and well behind 48 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 64 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 6 short, 76 adequate, and 18 surplus.

Minnesota

Dry weather conditions allowed for 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 24, 2020, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Field activities for the week included planting, spraying and preparing hay cutting equipment.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 7% short, 78% adequate and 14% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0% very short, 5% short, 80% adequate and 15% surplus.

Minnesota’s corn reached 98% planted. Corn was 80% emerged, which was 3 weeks ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of the 5-year average. The first corn condition of the season rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 18% fair, 63% good and 18% excellent.

Soybean planting progress was 88% completed, 20 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of average. Soybean emergence reached 46%, which is 17 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of average.

Spring wheat planting progress was 86% complete. This is 1 day ahead of last year but 6 days behind average. Emergence, at 51%, remained a week behind average. Scattered reports of wheat jointing was observed.

Oat planting progress was nearly complete at 96%. Oat emergence was 11 days ahead of last year at 79%. Oats jointing moved 1 day ahead of average to 31%. Oat condition rated 77% good to excellent. Nearly one-quarter of the barley acreage was planted last week leading to 93% planted statewide.

Barley was 53% emerged and 11% jointed. The first barley condition of the season rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 17% fair, 75% good and 7% excellent.

Sunflower planting was 1 day ahead of last year at 47% complete. Potato planting progress remained ahead of last year at 85% complete.

Sugar beets were 90% planted, 1 day behind last year. Dry beans were 46% planted and 21% emerged.

Scattered reports of hay cutting were reported. Hay condition was rated 69% good to excellent. Pasture conditions remained at 66% good to excellent.

Iowa

Rain throughout the week resulted in 2.5 days suitable for field work during the week ending May 24, 2020, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Below normal temperatures have slowed crop growth.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0% very short, 2% short, 76% adequate and 22% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1% very short, 3% short, 79% adequate and 17% surplus.

Iowa farmers have planted 97% of the expected corn crop, 3 weeks ahead of last year and almost 2 weeks ahead of the 5-year average. Corn emergence was at 82%, an improvement of 20 percentage points from the previous week. The first corn condition rating of the season was 0% very poor, 2% poor, 17% fair, 67% good and 14% excellent.

The soybean crop moved to 92% planted, nearly a month ahead of last year and over 2 weeks ahead of average. Farmers in southwest Iowa have over 25% of their soybeans left to plant. Fifty-two percent of the soybean crop has emerged, doubling the amount of soybeans emerged from the previous week.

Ninety-five percent of the oat crop has emerged. Oat condition rated 81% good to excellent.

Hay condition rated 73% good to excellent. Pasture condition improved to 66% good to excellent. There was little stress on livestock although feedlots remain muddy.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending May 24, 2020, there were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 78 adequate, and 13 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 82 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 17 fair, 65 good, and 17 excellent. Corn planted was 97 percent, ahead of 78 last year and 89 for the five-year average. Emerged was 77 percent, well ahead of 43 last year, and ahead of 61 average.

Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 18 fair, 66 good, and 15 excellent. Soybeans planted was 89 percent, well ahead of 51 last year and 62 average. Emerged was 56 percent, well ahead of 18 last year and 25 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 22 fair, 64 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 22 percent, ahead of 16 last year, but behind 40 average.

Sorghum planted was 56 percent, well ahead of 22 last year, and ahead of 37 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 7 poor, 31 fair, 58 good, and 4 excellent. Oats planted was 96 percent, near 93 last year and 97 average. Emerged was 91 percent, ahead of 75 last year, and near 90 average. Headed was 9 percent, ahead of 1 last year, and near 8 average.

Dry edible beans planted was 18 percent. Emerged was 1 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 75 good, and 7 excellent.