Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending June 7, 2020, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 8% short, 77% adequate, and 15% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 4% short, 78% adequate, and 18% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 18% fair, 72% good, and 10% excellent. Corn emerged was 90%, well ahead of 28% last year, and ahead of 77% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 16% fair, 74% good, and 10% excellent. Soybeans planted was 92%, well ahead of 35% last year, and ahead of 79% average. Emerged was 67%, well ahead of 8% last year, and ahead of 57% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 21% fair, 62% good, and 16% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 51%, well ahead of 18% last year, but behind 61% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 35% fair, 60% good, and 4% excellent. Spring wheat emerged was 96%, ahead of 84% last year, and equal to average. Headed was

15%, ahead of 8% average.

Oats condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 24% fair, 71% good, and 5% excellent. Oats headed was 12%, behind 19% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 20% fair, 77% good, and 3% excellent. Sorghum planted was 66%, well ahead of 34% last year, and ahead of 60% average.

Sunflowers planted was 45%, well ahead of 14% last year, and near 41% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 32% fair, 50% good, and 15% excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending June 7, 2020, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4% percent very short, 18% short, 64% adequate, and 14% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0% very short, 11% short, 70% adequate, and 19% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybeans planted was 74%, behind 83% last year and 91% for the five-year average. Emerged was 32%, near 34% last year, and well behind 61% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 15% fair, 79% good, and 5% excellent. Spring wheat planted was 95%, near 97% last year and 99% average. Emerged was 72%, behind 81% last year and 91% average. Jointed was 9%, near 12% last year, and well behind 29% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 15% fair, 74% good, and 8% excellent. Durum wheat planted was 97%, ahead of 91% last year. Emerged was 77%, ahead of 70% last year, but near 80% average. Jointed was 7%, behind 15% last year and 20% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 22% fair, 69% good, and 7% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 78%, near 74% last year and 82% average. Headed was 14%, equal to last year, and near 17% average.

Corn condition rated 0% very poor, 4% poor, 19% fair, 68% good, and 9% excellent. Corn planted was 87%, near 90% last year, and behind 96% average. Emerged was 52%, near 53% last year, and well behind 77% average.

Canola planted was 91%, near 95% last year. Emerged was 56%, behind 68% last year, and well behind 83% average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 2% fair, 49% good, and 48% excellent.

Oats condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 25% fair, 68% good, and 6% excellent. Oats planted was 92%, near 94% last year, and behind 97% average. Emerged was 64%, behind 69% last year, and well behind 85% average. Jointed was 13%, near 11% last year, but behind 26% average.

Barley condition rated 0% percent very poor, 2% poor, 15% fair, 76% good, and 7% excellent. Barley planted was 92%, behind 97% last year and 99% average. Emerged was 71%, behind

83% last year, and well behind 91% average. Jointed was 9%, behind 15% last year, and well behind 31% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 16% fair, 76% good, and 6% excellent. Dry edible peas planted was 94%, near 93% last year. Emerged was 80%, ahead of 72% last year, but behind 85% average.

Sunflowers planted was 60%, near 62% last year, and behind 78% average. Emerged was 18%, behind 23% last year and 35% average.

Flaxseed planted was 89%, near 92% both last year and average. Emerged was 47%, behind 62% last year and 64% average.

Potatoes planted was 92%, behind 99% last year. Emerged was 21%, well behind 45% last year and 51% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 72%, behind 84% last year and 88% average. Emerged was 24%, behind 30% last year, and well behind 48% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 33% fair, 52% good, and 10% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 1%.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 27% fair, 57% good, and 8% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1% percent very short, 7% short, 80% adequate, and 12% surplus.

Minnesota

Warm weather conditions boosted small grain development during the week ending June 7, 2020, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included moving cattle, cutting hay, and finishing up spraying and planting.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 16% short, 74% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0% very short, 6% short, 83% adequate and 11% surplus.

Minnesota’s corn was 97% emerged, which was 18 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn condition remained at 83% good to excellent. Soybean emergence reached 89%, which was 18 days ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of average. Soybean condition remained at 84% good to excellent.

Spring wheat was at 96% emerged. Wheat jointing at 37%, was 2 days behind average. Spring wheat condition improved slightly to 83% good to excellent. The oat crop was 98% emerged. Oats jointing and heading were both ahead of last year and the average at 66% and 19%, respectively. Oat condition was down slightly to 75% good to excellent. Barley was 97% emerged and 31% jointed with the condition remaining at 84% good to excellent. There were a few reports of barley beginning to reach the headed stage.

Sunflower and potato planting were nearly complete with 95% and 98% of the crops in the ground, respectively. The first potato condition of the season rated 0% very poor, 0% poor, 12% fair, 62% good and 26% excellent. The first sugarbeet condition of the season rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 2% fair, 47% good and 49% excellent. Dry beans were 94% planted and 67% emerged.

Nearly one third of Minnesota’s first cutting of alfalfa hay happened during the week leading to a total of 52% of the first hay cutting completed. Hay condition improved to 71% good to excellent. Pasture conditions also improved 71% good to excellent.

Iowa

Drier weather allowed Iowa farmers 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 7, 2020, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Weather conditions were ideal for farmers to cut hay across much of the state.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0% very short, 4% short, 85% adequate and 11% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0% very short, 3% short, 87% adequate and 10% surplus.

Corn planting was virtually complete with emergence at 97%, over 2 weeks ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn condition rated 85% good to excellent. The soybean crop moved to 97% planted, 3 weeks ahead of last year and 12 days ahead of average. Emergence reached 87%, 10 days ahead of average. Soybean condition rated 82% good to excellent. Oats headed progressed to 18%, 2 days ahead of last year but 5 days behind average. Oat condition rated 81% good to excellent.

Dry weather allowed over one-third of the first cutting of alfalfa hay to be completed during the week ending June 7, 2020, reaching 54 percent complete. Only southwest and south central Iowa producers were unable to complete at least one-third of the first cutting of alfalfa hay during the week. Hay condition rated 75% good to excellent. Pasture condition improved to 70% good to excellent. There was little stress on livestock reported.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending June 7, 2020, there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 19% short, 76% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2% percent very short, 12% short, 83% adequate, and 3% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 16% fair, 63% good, and 20% excellent. Corn emerged was 95%, ahead of 76% last year and 89% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 1% poor, 16% fair, 65% good, and 17% excellent. Soybeans emerged was 85%, well ahead of 50% last year, and ahead of 68% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% percent very poor, 10% poor, 22% fair, 59% good, and 7% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 67%, ahead of 62% last year, but behind 82% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% percent very poor, 1% poor, 9% fair, 86% good, and 4% excellent. Sorghum planted was 93%, well ahead of 49% last year and 72% average. Headed was 1%.

Oats condition rated 0% percent very poor, 6% poor, 25% fair, 63% good, and 6% excellent. Oats emerged was 96%, ahead of 89% last year, but near 97% average. Headed was 37%, ahead of 21% last year, but behind 44% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 81%. Emerged was 49%.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2% percent very poor, 4% poor, 17% fair, 69% good, and 8% excellent.