Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

For the week ending July 26, 2020, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork in South Dakota, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 18% short, 75% adequate, and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 12% short, 80% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 11% fair, 68% good, and 18% excellent. Corn silking was 80%, well ahead of 22% last year, and ahead of 62% for the five-year average. Dough was 14%, ahead of 1% last year and 8% average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 13% fair, 70% good, and 14% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 75%, well ahead of 51% last year, and ahead of 70% average. Setting pods was 49%, well ahead of 9% last year, and ahead of 31% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 22% fair, 59% good, and 12% excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 68%, well ahead of 17% last year, and ahead of 57% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 5% very poor, 7% poor, 25% fair, 55% good, and 8% excellent. Spring wheat harvested was 8%, behind 18% average.

Oats condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 22% fair, 59% good, and 6% excellent. Oats headed was 96%, near 94% last year and 99% average. Harvested was 37%, well ahead of 6% last year, but near 39% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 17% fair, 74% good, and 6% excellent. Sorghum headed was 40%, well ahead of 19% last year, and near 37% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5% very poor, 18% poor, 30% fair, 43% good, and 4% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending July 26, 2020, there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 18% short, 61% adequate, and 18% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 20% short, 63% adequate, and 15% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 29% fair, 53% good, and 10% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 71%, ahead of 65% last year, but behind 79% for the five-year average. Setting pods was 30%, ahead of 19% last year, but behind 40% average. Spring wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 30% fair, 57% good, and 7% excellent.

Spring wheat headed was 97%, equal to last year, and near 98% average. Coloring was 44%, near 43% last year, but behind 63% average. Mature was 6%, near 3% last year. Harvested was 1%, equal to average.

Durum wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 30% fair, 59% good, and 6% excellent. Durum wheat headed was 97%, near 94% last year. Coloring was 40%, well ahead of 20% last year, but behind 47% average. Mature was 1%.

Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 34% fair, 56% good, and 4% excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 90%, ahead of 80% last year, but near 91% average. Mature was 57%, well ahead of 33% last year. Harvested was 6%, ahead of 1% last year, but near 10% average.

Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 21% fair, 54% good, and 18% excellent. Corn silking was 56%, well ahead of 30% last year, and ahead of 51% average. Dough was 2%, equal to average.

Canola condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 20% fair, 61% good, and 15% excellent. Canola coloring was 20%, ahead of 10% last year, but behind 37% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 5% fair, 44% good, and 50% excellent.

Oats condition rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 26% fair, 61% good, and 6% excellent. Oats headed was 94%, near 93% last year and 96% average. Coloring was 46%, ahead of 30% last year, but well behind 66% average. Mature was 5%.

Barley condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 30% fair, 57% good, and 8% excellent. Barley headed was 96%, equal to last year, and near 98% average. Coloring was 47%, near 49% last year, and well behind 75% average. Mature was 5%.

Dry edible peas condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 24% fair, 62% good, and 9% excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 96%, near 94% last year. Dropping leaves was 42%, ahead of 27% last year, but behind 49% average.

Sunflower condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 24% fair, 62% good, and 10% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 21%, near 19% last year, but behind 29% average.

Flaxseed condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 26% fair, 63% good, and 6% excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 89%, near 92% last year, and behind 94% average. Coloring was 21%, ahead of 6% last year, but behind 26% average.

Potato condition rated 5% very poor, 4% poor, 26% fair, 49% good, and 16% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 92%, near 95% last year and 94% average. Rows closed was 71%, equal to last year, and ahead of 66% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 5% very poor, 9% poor, 26% fair, 48% good, and 12% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 71%, behind 77% last year and 81% average. Setting pods was 26%, behind 35% last year.

Alfalfa condition rated 2% very poor, 11% poor, 33% fair, 47% good, and 7% excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 29%, ahead of 14% last year, but near 33% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2% very poor, 10% poor, 34% fair, 49% good, and 5% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2% very short, 14% short, 76% adequate, and 8% surplus.

Minnesota

Heavy wind and rain damaged crops in some areas of Minnesota but boosted soil moisture supplies and pasture condition statewide during the week ending July 26, 2020, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities

included cutting hay and harvesting small grains.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 7% short, 73% adequate and 18% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 6% short, 80% adequate and 13% surplus.

Silked corn, at 90%, was 13 days ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn was 15% at the dough stage, 9 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of average. Corn condition improved slightly to 84% good to excellent. Soy

beans blooming reached 89% this week, 9 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. Soybeans were 55%

setting pods, 10 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of the average. Soybean condition improved to 84% good to excellent.

Spring wheat turning color was 2 days behind normal at 72%. There were scattered reports that the wheat harvest had begun. Spring wheat condition

improved slightly to 75% good to excellent. Oats turning color, at 90%, was 6 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of average.

The oat harvest was 19% complete, 12 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of average. The oat crop condition improved to 72% good to excellent.

Barley was 87% coloring with some reports of harvest underway. Barley condition improved to 75% good to excellent.

Sunflower condition rating increased to 74% good to excellent. The potato harvest was 8% completed. Potato condition decreased slightly to 89% good to excellent.

Sugar beet condition declined slightly to 92% good to excellent. Dry beans blooming progress advanced to 88%, with 57% setting pods. Dry bean condition dropped to 81% good to excellent.

Minnesota’s second cutting of alfalfa hay was 79% complete, 3 days ahead of last year but

2 days behind average. Pasture condition increased to 71% good to excellent.

Iowa

Another week with primarily spotty rains meant farmers had 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 26, 2020, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics

Service. Fieldwork activities included spraying, harvesting hay and grain movement. Aerial application of fungicides was also reported.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 11% very short, 27% short, 59% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 6% very short, 26% short,

65% adequate and 3% surplus. West central Iowa topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies are the lowest in the state with well over half considered short to very short.

Corn silking or beyond reached 87%, 12 days ahead of the previous year and 3 days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn in the dough stage reached 23%, 10 days

ahead of the previous year and 4 days ahead of the average. Corn condition rated 77% good to excellent.

Soybeans blooming reached 85%, just over 2 weeks ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of average. Soybeans setting pods reached 50%, just

over 2 weeks ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of average. Soybean condition rated 76% good to excellent.

Oats turning color reached 95%, 4 days ahead of last year and 1 day ahead of the average. Oats harvested for grain reached 56%, 1 week ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of the average. Oat condition rated 73% good to excellent.

Nebraska

For the week ending July 26, 2020, there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 29% short, 57% adequate, and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9% very short, 29%

short, 60% adequate, and 2% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 18% fair, 54% good, and 21% excellent. Corn silking was 89%, well ahead of 61% last year, and ahead of 80% for the five-year average. Dough was 27%, ahead of 9% last year and 16% average.

Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 14% fair, 59% good, and 21% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 90%, well ahead of 60% last year, and ahead of 76% average. Setting pods was 53%, well ahead of 27% last year and 33% average.

Winter wheat harvested was 93%, well ahead of 49% last year, and ahead of 81% average.

Sorghum condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 27% fair, 46% good, and 21% excellent. Sorghum headed was 43%, well ahead of 23% last year, and ahead of 32% average.

Oats harvested was 82%, well ahead of 39% last year, and ahead of 67% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 1% poor, 15% fair, 68% good, and 15% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 60%, well ahead of 33% last year. Setting pods was 15%, ahead of 7% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 7% very poor, 7% poor, 26% fair, 54% good, and 6% excellent.