Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

For the week ending Aug. 2, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork in South Dakota, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies in South Dakota rated 3% very short, 25% short, 69% adequate, and 3% surplus.

Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 18% short, 76% adequate, and 3% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 11% fair, 72% good, and 14% excellent. Corn silking was 89%, well ahead of 53% last year, and ahead of 81% for the five-year average. Dough was 32%, well ahead of 6% last year, and ahead of 23% average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 11% fair, 72% good, and 13% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 82%, ahead of 69% last year, but near 83% average. Setting pods was 64%, well ahead of 27% last year, and ahead of 52% average.

Winter wheat harvested was 87%, well ahead of 42% last year, and ahead of 76% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 25% fair, 61% good, and 5% excellent.

Spring wheat harvested was 35%, well ahead of 4% last year, but near 37% average.

Oats condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 31% fair, 53% good, and 6% excellent. Oats harvested was 64%, well ahead of 15% last year, and ahead of 56% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 6% poor, 25% fair, 64% good, and 5% excellent.

Sorghum headed was 50%, ahead of 33% last year, but near 53% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3% very poor, 14% poor, 37% fair, 43% good, and 3% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending August 2, 2020, there were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 24% short, 59% adequate, and 11% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 20% short, 68% adequate, and 10% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 29% fair, 54% good, and 11% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 81%, equal to last year, and behind 90% for the five-year average. Setting pods was 55%, ahead of 38% last year, but behind 61% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 26% fair, 59% good, and 9% excellent. Spring wheat coloring was 72%, near 71% last year, but behind 83% average. Mature was 24%, ahead of 16% last year. Harvested was 2%, near 1% last year and 5% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 24% fair, 65% good, and 6% excellent. Durum wheat coloring was 71%, well ahead of 45% last year, and ahead of 64% average. Mature was 12%, near 8% last year.

Winter wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 4% poor, 32% fair, 61% good, and 3% excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 96%, near 92% last year. Mature was 74%, ahead of 59% last year. Harvested was 28%, well ahead of 7% last year, and equal to average.

Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 21% fair, 56% good, and 16% excellent. Corn silking was 80%, ahead of 61% last year, and near 77% average. Dough was 7%, ahead of 1% last year, but near 9% average.

Canola condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 21% fair, 60% good, and 14% excellent. Canola coloring was 51%, ahead of 37% last year, but behind 61% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 4% fair, 43% good, and 50% excellent.

Oats condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 25% fair, 64% good, and 6% excellent. Oats headed was 97%, equal to last year, and near 99% average. Coloring was 70%, ahead of 58% last year, but behind 83% average. Mature was 23%. Harvested was 4%, near 1% last year, but behind 12% average.

Barley condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 29% fair, 58% good, and 8% excellent. Barley coloring was 79%, near 76% last year, but behind 90% average. Mature was 26%, near 22% last year. Harvested was 3%, near 1% last year, but behind 9% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 22% fair, 65% good, and 10% excellent. Dry edible peas dropping leaves was 76%, ahead of 64% last year, but near 77% average. Harvested was 9%, ahead of 2% last year, but behind 19% average.

Sunflower condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 19% fair, 65% good, and 11% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 54%, well ahead of 31% last year, and equal to average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 26% fair, 66% good, and 6% excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 96%, near 97% last year. Coloring was 34%, near 31% last year, but behind 46% average.

Potato condition rated 3% very poor, 3% poor, 22% fair, 54% good, and 18% excellent. Potatoes blooming was 95%. Rows closed was 78%, near 81% last year and 82% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 23% fair, 52% good, and 12% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 77%, behind 85% last year and 90% average. Setting pods was 47%, behind 59% last year and 63% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1% very poor, 14% poor, 31% fair, 49% good, and 5% excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 54%, well ahead of 32% last year, and near 50% average.

Lentils harvested was 1%.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2% very poor, 11% poor, 34% fair, 49% good, and 4% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1% very short, 18% short, 76% adequate, and 5% surplus.

Minnesota

Dry conditions in Northern Minnesota allowed for the start of wheat and barley harvesting during the week ending August 2, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.7 days

suitable for fieldwork, tying the week ending June 7 for the most of this season. Field activities included cutting hay and harvesting small grains.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 10% short, 75% adequate and 13% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 7% short, 80% adequate and 11% surplus.

Silked corn progress was nearly complete at 97%. Corn was 37% at the dough stage or beyond, 11 days ahead of last year and four days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn condition improved slightly to 85% good to excellent.

Soybeans blooming progress was almost complete at 96%. Soybeans were 74% setting pods, nine days ahead of last year and four days ahead of the average. Soybean condition remained at 84% good to excellent.

Spring wheat turning color was 3 days ahead of last year at 93%. The wheat harvest was 7% complete, 8 days ahead of last year but 1 day behind normal. Spring wheat condition improved slightly to 76% good to excellent.

Oats turning color was 98% complete. The oat harvest was 40% complete, 13 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of average. The oat crop condition dropped to 68% good to excellent.

Barley was 98% coloring with 16% of the crop harvested. Barley condition remained at 75% good to excellent.

Sunflower condition rating increased to 75% good to excellent.

The potato harvest was ahead of last year and the average at 10% complete. Potato condition remained at 89% good to excellent.

Sugar beet condition increased slightly to 93% good to excellent. Dry beans blooming progress was just about complete at 96%, with 79% setting pods. Dry bean condition improved to 84% good to excellent.

Minnesota’s second cutting of alfalfa hay was 87% complete, 1 day ahead of last year but 4 days behind average. Pasture condition decreased to 68% good to excellent.

Iowa

Although some areas of the Iowa received more than an inch of rain, statewide farmers had 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Aug. 2, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities continue to be primarily spraying, harvesting hay and grain movement. Reports of aerial applications of fungicide continue.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 14% very short, 33% short, 51% adequate and 2% surplus. Northwest, West Central and Central Iowa all report topsoil moisture supplies are mostly short to very short.

Subsoil moisture levels rated 10% very short, 31% short, 57% adequate and 2% surplus.

Corn silking or beyond reached 95%, 2 weeks ahead of the previous year and 5 days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn in the dough stage or beyond reached 44%, 10 days ahead of the previous year and 4 days ahead of the average. Corn condition declined to 73% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 91%, 2 weeks ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of average.

Soybeans setting pods reached 70%, 16 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of average. Soybean condition also fell to 73% good to excellent. Nearly all of the oats are turning color or beyond. Oats harvested for grain reached 85%, over 1 week ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of the average.

Nebraska

For the week ending August 2, 2020, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 25% short, 60% adequate, and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10% very short, 26% short, 62% adequate, and 2% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 16% fair, 55% good, and 22% excellent. Corn silking was 94%, ahead of 81% last year, and near 91% for the five-year average. Dough was 43%, well ahead of 23% last year, and ahead of 31% average. Dented was 6%, near 2% average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 16% fair, 57% good, and 22% excellent. Soybeans blooming was 95%, well ahead of 75% last year, and ahead of 87% average. Setting pods was 64%, ahead of 46% last year and 53% average.

Winter wheat harvested was 96%, well ahead of 69% last year, and ahead of 90% average.

Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 28% fair, 39% good, and 25% excellent. Sorghum headed was 64%, well ahead of 38% last year, and ahead of 51% average. Coloring was 1%, near 3% both last year and average.

Oats harvested was 92%, well ahead of 68% last year, and ahead of 81% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 13% fair, 71% good, and 15% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 73%, ahead of 55% last year. Setting pods was 38%, ahead of 19% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 32% fair, 55% good, and 4% excellent.