Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

For the week ending Aug. 23, there were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10% very short, 43% short, 46% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 32% short, 61% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 3% very poor, 5% poor, 18% fair, 64% good, and 10% excellent. Corn dough was 89%, well ahead of 51% last year, and ahead of 76% for the five-year average. Dented was 30%, well ahead of 6% last year, and near 26% average.

Soybean condition rated 3% very poor, 5% poor, 20% fair, 64% good, and 8% excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 94%, well ahead of 69% last year, and ahead of 88% average. Dropping leaves was 16%, ahead of 6% average.

Spring wheat harvested was 91%, well ahead of 46% last year, and ahead of 81% average.

Oats harvested was 98%, well ahead of 74% last year, and ahead of 91% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 24% fair, 70% good, and 3% excellent. Sorghum headed was 93%, ahead of 86% last year, and near 91% average. Coloring was 33%, ahead of 22% last year, and near 29% average. Mature was 2%, equal to average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6% very poor, 17% poor, 43% fair, 32% good, and 2% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Aug. 23, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 13% very short, 29% short, 50% adequate, and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 27% short, 58% adequate, and 8% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 28% fair, 55% good, and 10% excellent.

Soybeans setting pods was 93%, ahead of 86% last year, but near 94% for the five-year average. Dropping leaves was 7%, ahead of 2% last year, but behind 12% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 5% poor, 29% fair, 56% good, and 7% excellent. Spring wheat mature was 84%, equal to last year. Harvested was 39%, ahead of 28% last year, but well behind 59% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 29% fair, 56% good, and 8% excellent. Durum wheat coloring was 96%. Mature was 75%, near 77% last year and 79% average. Harvested was 33%, ahead of 19% last year.

Winter wheat mature was 96%. Harvested was 84%, ahead of 71% last year, but near 87% average.

Corn condition rated 2% very poor, 6% poor, 25% fair, 56% good, and 11% excellent. Corn dough was 62%, well ahead of 39% last year, but behind 68% average. Dented was 8%, near 4% last year, but behind 20% average.

Canola condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 21% fair, 61% good, and 12% excellent. Canola coloring was 86%, behind 91% last year. Harvested was 14%, ahead of 9% last year, but behind 29% average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 4% fair, 43% good, and 49% excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 2%, near 3% both last year and average.

Oats condition rated 3% very poor, 7% poor, 30% fair, 57% good, and 3% excellent. Oats mature was 89%, ahead of 72% last year. Harvested was 48%, ahead of 34% last year, but well behind 70% average.

Barley condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 29% fair, 57% good, and 5% excellent. Barley mature was 90%, near 87% last year. Harvested was 44%, ahead of 38% last year, but well behind 75% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 28% fair, 57% good, and 10% excellent. Dry edible peas dropping leaves was 95%. Harvested was 62%, near 66% last year, and well behind 84% average.

Sunflower condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 29% fair, 62% good, and 4% excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 96%, ahead of 91% last year. Ray flowers dry was 33%, ahead of 16% last year, but near 35% average. Bracts turned yellow was 6%, ahead of 1% last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 25% fair, 64% good, and 5% excellent. Flaxseed coloring was 93%, near 91% last year and 94% average. Harvested was 10%.

Potato condition rated 3% very poor, 2% poor, 21% fair, 61% good, and 13% excellent. Potatoes rows closed was 95%, near 94% last year. Vines dry was 12%, equal to last year, and behind 18% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 27% fair, 49% good, and 15% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 95%. Setting pods was 88%, behind 97% last year. Dropping leaves was 21%, behind 34% last year, and well behind 43% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 4% very poor, 16% poor, 36% fair, 40% good, and 4% excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 91%, ahead of 79% last year and 86% average.

Lentils harvested was 38%, well ahead of 13% last year.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 4% very poor, 19% poor, 43% fair, 32% good, and 2% excellent. Stock water supplies rated 5% very short, 24% short, 67% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Minnesota

Warm, dry conditions allowed for the rapid harvest of small grain crops the week ending Aug. 23, according USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Other field activities included cutting hay and harvesting potatoes, fruits and vegetables.

Statewide topsoil moisture condition rated 3% very short, 13% short, 74% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 3% very short, 10% short, 79% adequate and 8% surplus.

Corn had reached the dough stage or beyond on 91% of the acres, 17 days ahead of last year and one week ahead of the 5-year average. Corn acreage was 33% at or beyond the dent stage, 13 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of average. Harvesting corn silage was reported in areas short of feed supplies. Corn condition dropped slightly to 82% good to excellent.

Soybeans were 7% turning color, 9 days ahead of last year but equal to average. Soybean condition also rated 82% good to excellent.

Nearly one-quarter of the spring wheat acres were harvested last week, advancing the total progress to 54% complete. This was 5 days ahead of last year but 5 days behind normal.

The oat harvest was 88% complete, 9 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of average.

Barley for grain harvest was 89% complete, 8 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal.

Sunflower condition declined slightly to 72% good to excellent.

The potato harvest advanced 2 percentage points to 23% complete, remaining well ahead of last year and normal. Potato condition rated 92% good to excellent.

Sugarbeet condition remained at 93% good to excellent.

Dry beans dropping leaves was at 29% with condition improving to 82% good to excellent.

Minnesota’s second cutting of alfalfa hay was nearly complete at 97% cut. Pasture condition decreased to 59% good to excellent.

Iowa

Mostly dry weather allowed Iowa farmers 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Aug. 23, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Dry conditions are now a concern for most of the state. Field activities included harvesting hay and chopping corn silage.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 31% very short, 45% short, 24% adequate and 0% surplus. The state’s topsoil moisture condition deteriorated to over three-quarters short to very short. Subsoil moisture condition rated 28% very short, 43% short, 29% adequate and 0% surplus. The state’s subsoil moisture condition fell to almost three-quarters short to very short. These are the highest levels of short to very short topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions since September 2013.

Corn was 91% in the dough stage or beyond, over 2 weeks ahead of the previous year and 6 days ahead of the 5-year average. Almost half of the corn crop was in or beyond dent stage, 12 days ahead of the previous year and 5 days ahead of average. Corn condition rated 50% good to excellent, a drop of 9 percentage points from the previous week and the lowest level this crop season.

Soybeans setting pods were 18 days ahead of last year and over a week ahead of average at 95%. Soybean condition fell again this week with the crop now rated 56% good to excellent, the lowest level so far this season.

Oats for grain harvest is virtually complete.

Alfalfa hay third cutting was 68% complete, 12 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of the 5-year average.

Pasture condition fell 10 percentage points this week to just 23% good to excellent. Some farmers have been cleared to hay or graze CRP acres due to drought conditions.

Nebraska

For the week ending Aug. 23, there were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 40% short, 36% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 21% very short, 36% short, 43% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 9% poor, 21% fair, 47% good, and 19% excellent. Corn dough was 96%, well ahead of 75% last year, and ahead of 86% for the five-year average. Dented was 60%, well ahead of 31% last year, and ahead of 41% average. Mature was 7%, ahead of 1% average.

Soybean condition rated 3% very poor, 8% poor, 18% fair, 51% good, and 20% excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 98%, ahead of 82% last year and 90% average. Dropping leaves was 5%, near 3% average.

Sorghum condition rated 2% very poor, 9% poor, 25% fair, 36% good, and 28% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 43%, well ahead of 19% last year, and ahead of 37% average. Mature was 1%.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 8% poor, 22% fair, 53% good, and 16% excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 95%, near 96% last year. Setting pods was 90%, near 87% last year. Dropping leaves was 22%.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 11% very poor, 20% poor, 30% fair, 35% good, and 4% excellent.