Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

For the week ending Sept. 13, there were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork in South Dakota, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies in the state rated 12% very short, 37% short, 51% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10% very short, 33% short, 57% adequate, and 0% surplus.

South Dakota Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 6% poor, 22% fair, 60% good, and 8% excellent. Corn dented was 88%, well ahead of 46% last year, and ahead of 74% for the five-year average. Mature was 47%, well ahead of 5% last year and 21% average. Harvested was 1%.

Soybean condition rated 4% very poor, 7% poor, 25% fair, 58% good, and 6% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 61%, well ahead of 7% last year and 41% average. Harvested was 1%, equal to average.

Winter wheat planted was 20%, ahead of 4% last year and 14% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 4% poor, 35% fair, 59% good, and 2% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 93%, well ahead of 63% last year, and ahead of 75% average. Mature was 32%, well ahead of 5% last year, and ahead of 14% average.

South Dakota Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3% very poor, 23% poor, 44% fair, 29% good, and 1% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 13, there were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14% very short, 29% short, 50% adequate, and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 26% short, 55% adequate, and 7% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 9% very poor, 8% poor, 30% fair, 47% good, and 6% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 57%, well ahead of 36% last year, but near 58% for the five-year average. Harvested was 1%, near 2% average.

Spring wheat harvested was 90%, ahead of 72% last year, but near 91% average.

Durum wheat mature was 96%, near 95% last year. Harvested was 86%, well ahead of 49% last year, and ahead of 80% average.

Winter wheat planted was 15%.

Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 11% poor, 27% fair, 50% good, and 7% excellent. Corn dented was 68%, well ahead of 34% last year, but near 70% average. Mature was 18%, ahead of 2% last year, and equal to average.

Canola harvested was 69%, well ahead of 45% last year, but behind 75% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 5% fair, 43% good, and 49% excellent. Sugar beets harvested was 10%, near 11% last year and 9% average.

Oats harvested was 94%, ahead of 77% last year, and near 93% average.

Barley harvested was 96%, ahead of 86% last year, and near 95% average.

Dry edible peas harvested was 94%, near 92% last year.

Sunflower condition rated 8% very poor, 12% poor, 30% fair, 45% good, and 5% excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 88%, ahead of 75% last year, and near 87% average. Bracts turned yellow was 66%, well ahead of 44% last year, and near 62% average. Bracts turned brown was 30%, well ahead of 6% last year, and ahead of 20% average.

Flaxseed harvested was 72%, well ahead of 32% last year, and near 68% average.

Minnesota

Cool, damp conditions slowed crop maturity in southern Minnesota while other areas received a heavy frost during the week ending Sept. 13, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities included harvesting potatoes, sugar beets, dry beans, and corn for silage.

Topsoil moisture condition rated to 2% very short, 8% short, 80% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 3% very short, 10% short, 78% adequate and 9% surplus.

Corn had reached the dent stage or beyond on 95% of the acres, 24 days ahead of last year and 2 weeks ahead of the 5-year average. Corn was 45% mature, 25 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of average. Corn harvested for silage reached 66% complete, 26 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of normal. Corn condition dropped to 76% good to excellent, its lowest rating so far this year compared to last week’s 78%.

Soybeans were 85% turning color, remaining two weeks ahead of last year and 6 days above average. Soybean acres were 41% dropping leaves, 11 days ahead of last year and 3 days above average. Soybean condition dropped to its lowest rating of the year to 77% good to excellent compared to last week’s 79%.

Spring wheat acres were 97% harvested, 15 days ahead of last year.

Sunflower condition increased to its best rating of the year at 82% good to excellent compared to last week’s previous high of 76%.

The potato harvest advanced 8 % to 38% complete, 10 days ahead of last year and 1 day ahead of normal. Potato condition remained at 92% good to excellent.

Ten percent of the sugar beet acres have been harvested with condition remaining at 93% good to excellent.

Dry beans dropping leaves was at 85%, 6 days ahead of last year but 2 days behind average. The dry bean harvest was 20% compete, 9 days ahead of last year but 5 days behind average. Dry bean condition declined slightly to 81% good to excellent.

Pasture condition increased slightly to 59% good to excellent.

Iowa

Most of Iowa had multiple days of much needed rain, which only left just 1.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 13, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Field activities included harvesting corn for silage, moving old crop grain stocks, and preparing equipment and bins for harvest.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 12% very short, 21% short, 59% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 20% very short, 31% short, 46% adequate and 3% surplus.

Corn was 90% in or beyond dent stage, more than two weeks ahead of the previous year and 5 days ahead of the 5-year average. Forty-five percent of the crop has reached maturity, almost 3 weeks ahead of last year and 1 week ahead of average. Corn harvest for grain has begun across much of the state with 1% of the crop harvested. Corn condition rated 42% good to excellent, a drop of 1 percentage point from the previous week.

Soybeans coloring or beyond advanced to 79%. That is over 2 weeks ahead of last year and 1 week ahead of average. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 41% this week, 2 weeks ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of average. Soybean harvest began in some areas with 1% of the crop harvested statewide. Soybean condition rated 48% good to excellent.

Nebraska

For the week ending Sept. 13, there were 3.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14% very short, 31% short, 49% adequate, and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 20% very short, 33% short, 43% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 12% poor, 22% fair, 42% good, and 19% excellent. Corn dented was 94%, ahead of 79% last year and 87% for the five-year average. Mature was 48%, well ahead of 16% last year and 27% average. Harvested was 4%, near 1% average.

Soybean condition rated 5% very poor, 10% poor, 21% fair, 47% good, and 17% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 61%, well ahead of 18% last year and 36% average. Harvested was 3%, near 1% average.

Winter wheat planted was 9%, behind 15% last year and 17% average.

Sorghum condition rated 4% very poor, 6% poor, 19% fair, 43% good, and 28% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 84%, ahead of 77% last year, but near 87% average. Mature was 26%, well ahead of 5% last year, and ahead of 17% average. Harvested was 1%.

Dry edible bean condition rated 2% very poor, 4% poor, 10% fair, 63% good, and 21% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 75%, well ahead of 52% last year. Harvested was 26%, ahead of 8% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 14% very poor, 18% poor, 27% fair, 39% good, and 2% excellent.