Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 20, there were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork in South Dakota, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 11% very short, 40% short, 48% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 36% short, 56% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 4% very poor, 6% poor, 19% fair, 62% good, and 9% excellent. Corn dented was 95%, well ahead of 65% last year, and ahead of 85% for the five-year average. Mature was 64%, well ahead of 10% last year and 36% average. Harvested was 5%, near 2% average.

Soybean condition rated 5% very poor, 7% poor, 23% fair, 59% good, and 6% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 80%, well ahead of 24% last year, and ahead of 61% average. Harvested was 5%, near 4% average.

Winter wheat planted was 36%, ahead of 19% last year, and near 35% average. Emerged was 5%, near 3% both last year and average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 4% poor, 31% fair, 62% good, and 3% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 97%, well ahead of 74% last year, and ahead of 83% average. Mature was 44%, well ahead of 12% last year, and ahead of 26% average. Harvested was 4%, near 1% last year and 2% average.

Sunflowers harvested was 1%.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6% very poor, 20% poor, 47% fair, 26% good, and 1% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Sept. 20, there were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14% very short, 35% short, 46% adequate, and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12% very short, 30% short, 54% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 8% very poor, 8% poor, 36% fair, 43% good, and 5% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 75%, ahead of 60% last year, but near 78% for the five-year average. Harvested was 8%, ahead of 1% last year, and near 7% average.

Spring wheat harvested was 95%, ahead of 82% last year, and equal to average.

Durum wheat harvested was 91%, well ahead of 66% last year, and near 88% average.

Winter wheat planted was 47%, well ahead of 24% last year, and ahead of 41% average. Emerged was 7%.

Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 8% poor, 29% fair, 51% good, and 7% excellent. Corn dented was 81%, well ahead of 53% last year, but near 82% average. Mature was 39%, well ahead of 4% last year, and ahead of 31% average. Harvested was 3%, near 1% average.

Canola harvested was 83%, well ahead of 57% last year, but near 84% average.

Sugar beet condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 5% fair, 43% good, and 49% excellent. Sugar beets harvested was 12%, equal to both last year and average.

Oats harvested was 96%, ahead of 87% last year, and equal to average.

Dry edible peas harvested was 96%, near 95% last year.

Sunflower condition rated 7% very poor, 13% poor, 34% fair, 42% good, and 4% excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dry was 93%, ahead of 85% last year, and near 92% average. Bracts turned yellow was 79%, ahead of 61% last year, and near 76% average. Bracts turned brown was 47%, well ahead of 16% last year, and ahead of 37% average.

Flaxseed harvested was 83%, well ahead of 49% last year, and near 80% average.

Potato condition rated 3% very poor, 2% poor, 25% fair, 59% good, and 11% excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 92%, ahead of 82% last year and 85% average. Harvested was 39%, ahead of 22% last year and 27% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 4% very poor, 11% poor, 26% fair, 42% good, and 17% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 97%, ahead of 90% last year. Harvested was 55%, well ahead of 24% last year, and equal to average.

Lentils harvested was 78%, ahead of 61% last year, but behind 88% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 10% very poor, 21% poor, 46% fair, 22% good, and 1% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 7% very short, 30% short, 61% adequate, and 2% surplus.

Minnesota

Cool, dry conditions allowed for the start of the soybean harvest and helped advance crop maturity elsewhere during the week ending Sept. 20, 2020, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Other field activities included cutting hay and harvesting potatoes, sugar beets, dry beans, and corn for silage.

Topsoil moisture condition rated to 3% very short, 8% short, 83% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 4% very short, 9% short, 80% adequate and 7% surplus.

Corn had reached maturity on 63% of the acres, 23 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the 5-year average. There were scattered reports of corn for grain harvesting in southern Minnesota. Corn harvested for silage reached 82% complete, 26 days ahead of last year and 13 days ahead of normal. Corn condition improved slightly to 77% good to excellent.

Nearly all the soybean acres were turning color at 96%. This was 16 days ahead of last year and 8 days above average. Soybean acres were 71% dropping leaves, 13 days ahead of last year and 5 days above average. Soybeans were 7% harvested, 13 days ahead of last year but equal to the average harvest pace. Soybean condition dropped to its lowest rating of the year to 76% good to excellent compared to last week’s 77%.

Sunflower condition was 76% good to excellent.

The potato harvest was 52% complete, one week ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of normal. Potato condition remained at 92% good to excellent.

Fourteen percent of the sugar beet acres have been harvested with condition remaining at 93% good to excellent.

Dry beans dropping leaves was at 94%, 8 days ahead of last year but 1 day behind average. The dry bean harvest was 46% compete, 15 days ahead of last year but 3 days behind average. Dry bean condition declined slightly to 80% good to excellent. Pasture condition decreased to its lowest rating of the year to 55% good to excellent, slightly less than 57% at the end of August.

Iowa

A week without measurable rainfall allowed farmers 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 20, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Field activities included harvesting corn for silage, fall tillage, moving old crop grain stocks, and harvesting corn for grain and soybeans.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 12% very short, 29% short, 56% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 21% very short, 32% short, 46% adequate and 1% surplus.

Corn was 94% in or beyond dent stage, more than 2 weeks ahead of the previous year and 4 days ahead of the 5-year average. Two-thirds of the crop has reached maturity, 3 weeks ahead of last year and over a week ahead of average. Corn harvest for grain reached 4% statewide, 17 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of average. Corn condition rated 42% good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week.

Soybeans coloring or beyond advanced to 90%. That is over 2 weeks ahead of last year and 1 week ahead of average. Two-thirds of the soybean crop was dropping leaves or beyond, also over 2 weeks ahead of last year and 1 week ahead of average. Soybean harvest was 7% complete, 17 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of average. Farmers in northwest and west central Iowa led the way with over 10% of their soybeans harvested. Soybean condition rated 48% good to excellent.

Alfalfa hay third cutting was 97% complete, a month ahead of last year and over 2 weeks ahead of the 5-year average.

Pasture condition rated 17% good to excellent.

Livestock experienced little stress with cooler temperatures.

Nebraska

For the week ending Sept. 20, there were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 16% very short, 36% short, 47% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 21% very short, 35% short, 43% adequate, and 1% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 6% very poor, 9% poor, 21% fair, 44% good, and 20% excellent. Corn dented was 97%, ahead of 88% last year, and near 94% for the five-year average. Mature was 65%, well ahead of 32% last year, and ahead of 47% average. Harvested was 10%, ahead of 2% last year and 4% average.

Soybean condition rated 5% very poor, 8% poor, 21% fair, 49% good, and 17% excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 82%, well ahead of 46% last year and 62% average. Harvested was 10%, ahead of 4% average.

Winter wheat planted was 40%, near 42% last year and 43% average. Emerged was 4%, near 7% average.

Sorghum condition rated 4% very poor, 8% poor, 22% fair, 39% good, and 27% excellent. Sorghum coloring was 93%, near 90% last year and 94% average. Mature was 49%, well ahead of 17% last year, and ahead of 36% average. Harvested was 2%, near 3% average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 9% fair, 70% good, and 18% excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 85%, ahead of 77% last year. Harvested was 62%, well ahead of 30% last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 11% very poor, 22% poor, 27% fair, 38% good, and 2% excellent.