Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

For the week ending Nov. 15, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 15% very short, 36% short, 49% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 17% very short, 43% short, 40% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn harvested was 95%, well ahead of 49% last year and ahead of 80% for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 31% fair, 57% good and 10% excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 94%, near 97% both last year and average.

Sunflowers harvested was 81%, well ahead of 48% last year and ahead of 75% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 14% very poor, 22% poor, 45% fair, 19% good and 0% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending Nov. 15, there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 41% short, 33% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 25% very short, 39% short, 34% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 47% fair, 42% good and 2% excellent.

Corn harvested was 97%, well ahead of 21% last year and 70% for the five-year average.

Sunflowers harvested was 93%, well ahead of 33% last year and 73% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 16% very poor, 32% poor, 39% fair, 12% good and 1% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 15% very short, 33% short, 52% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

The widespread snowfall did not slow down Minnesota’s corn harvest progress during the week ending Nov. 15, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork.

The University of Minnesota’s Soil, Water, and Climate Department reported snowfall amounts from three to eight inches throughout Minnesota. Daily snowfall records happened at Brainerd, Cook, Duluth, Ely, Embarrass, Grand Rapids, Minneapolis and St. Paul. Field activities included manure and fertilizer application, fall tillage and harvesting corn for grain.

The cool, wet weather increased both topsoil and subsoil moisture supplies statewide. Topsoil moisture condition rated 1% very short, 10% short, 82% adequate and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 3% very short, 13% short, 79% adequate and 5% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Despite the heavy snow events, the frozen ground allowed the Minnesota corn harvest to near completion. 97% of the corn harvest was completed, well ahead of last year and two weeks ahead of the five-year average. Corn moisture content of grain at harvest remained at 16%.

Iowa

Above normal rainfall and snow in northwest Iowa and cooler temperatures only allowed Iowa farmers 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Nov. 15, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities again included harvesting corn and soybeans, baling corn stalks, applying fertilizer and manure, and tillage.

Topsoil moisture condition rated 13% very short, 29% short, 57% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture condition rated 21% very short, 34% short, 45% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Only 3% of Iowa’s corn for grain crop remains to be harvested, almost four weeks ahead of last year and just over two weeks ahead of the five-year average. Statewide, the moisture content of field corn being harvested for grain remained at 15%. Farmers in northwest, north central and west central Iowa have less than 1% of their corn for grain remaining to be harvested while farmers in south central Iowa still have 10% to be harvested.

Only 1% of Iowa’s soybean crop remains to be harvested, over two weeks ahead of last year and eight days ahead of average. Only scattered fields are left to be harvested.

Pasture and Range Report: Livestock producers continue to allow cattle to graze on corn stalks.

Nebraska

For the week ending Nov. 15, there were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 22% very short, 42% short, 36% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 29% very short, 41% short, 29% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn harvested was 96%, ahead of 82% last year and 88% for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 5% very poor, 19% poor, 37% fair, 36% good and 3% excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 95%, behind 100% last year, and near 98% average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 22% very poor, 27% poor, 28% fair, 22% good and 1% excellent.