Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

For the week ending April 4, there were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 25% very short, 43% short, 32% adequate, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 25% very short, 48% short, 27% adequate, and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 22% poor, 48% fair, 27% good and 0% excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 11%, ahead of 4% for the five-year average.

Oats planted was 6%, near 3% average.

North Dakota

For the week ending April 4, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intend to begin fieldwork on April 9. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 59% very short, 33% short, 8% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 52% very short, 30% short, 18% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Spring wheat planted was 1%. Winter wheat condition rated 13% very poor, 40% poor, 38% fair, 9% good and 0% excellent.

Oats planted was 1%.

Pasture and range report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 3% very poor, 5% poor, 22% fair, 48% good and 22% excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 3% heavy, 48% average and 49% light. Calving progress was 48% complete, ahead of 36% last year and 41% for the five-year average.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0% very poor, 2% poor, 15% fair, 54% good and 29% excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 1% heavy, 53% average and 46% light. Lambing progress was 69% complete, ahead of 62% last year and 58% average. Shearing progress was 81% complete, ahead of 73% last year.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 16% very short, 30% short, 49% adequate and 5% surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 37% very short, 34% short, 29% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

Mostly warm and dry conditions in Minnesota allowed farmers to begin planting small grains and potatoes with 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 4, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Other field activities included spring tillage as well as spreading manure and fertilizer.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 12% very short, 31% short, 53% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 6% very short, 37% short, 54% adequate and 3% surplus. Many reports mentioned dry and windy conditions.

Pasture and range report: Pastures are greening up with the warm temperatures. No issues were reported with calving and livestock conditions were good.

Iowa

Warm and dry days allowed Iowa farmers 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 4, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities included applying anhydrous fertilizer, spreading manure and planting oats.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 8% very short, 25% short, 64% adequate and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 12% very short, 29% short, 56% adequate and 3% surplus. Twelve percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, 3 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of the 5-year average.

Pasture and range report: Pastures have started to green. Livestock conditions were generally good and producers report calving is going well.

Nebraska

For the week ending April 4, there were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5% very short, 19% short, 74% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9% very short, 24% short, 66% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Winter wheat condition rated 5% very poor, 12% poor, 43% fair, 38% good and 2% excellent.

Oats planted was 18%, ahead of 12% last year, and near 17% for the five-year average. Emerged was 2%, equal to last year, and near 1% average.