Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

For the week ending April 11,, there were 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 19% very short, 41% short, 39% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 23% very short, 50% short, 27% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 12% poor, 48% fair, 38% good and 0% excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 30%, well ahead of 5% last year and ahead of 14% for the five-year average. Emerged was 4%, near 1% average.

Oats planted was 20%, ahead of 4% last year and 13% average. Emerged was 2%, equal to average.

North Dakota

For the week ending April 11, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intend to begin fieldwork on April 13.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 58% very short, 25% short, 16% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 52% very short, 28% short, 19% adequate and 1% surplus.

Field crops report: Spring wheat planted was 8%, ahead of 2% for the five-year average.

Durum wheat planted was 3%.

Winter wheat condition rated 17% very poor, 35% poor, 40% fair, 8% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 5%.

Corn planted was 2%.

Sugarbeets planted was 5%, near 1% average.

Oats planted was 2%, near 1% average.

Barley planted was 3%, near 1% average.

Dry edible peas planted was 2%.

Pasture and range report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 23% fair, 51% good and 17% excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 1% heavy, 45% average and 54% light. Calving progress was 57% complete, ahead of 45% last year and 51% average.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0% very poor, 3% poor, 15% fair, 65% good and 17% excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 1% heavy, 57% average and 42% light.

Lambing progress was 75% complete, ahead of 66% last year and 67% average. Shearing progress was 84% complete, ahead of 77% last year.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 16% very short, 32% short, 46% adequate and 6% surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 39% very short, 29% short, 31% adequate and 1% surplus.

Minnesota

Most of Minnesota received needed moisture, which meant farmers had just 2.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 11, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Field activities included applying fertilizer, tilling, seeding hay and planting small grains.

Field crops report: Spring wheat was 7% planted, over two weeks ahead of last year and six days ahead of the 5-year average. Oats were 19% planted, 10 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of normal. Scattered reports of barley, potato and sugarbeet planting were received.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 19% short, 64% adequate and 13% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 27% short, 61% adequate and 8% surplus. Some reports mentioned continued dry conditions.

Pasture and range report: Pastures continued to green up with the warm temperatures. Pasture conditions were 4% very poor, 13% poor, 43% fair, 36% good and 4% excellent.

Livestock conditions were good.

Iowa

Measurable rainfall fell across the state, which allowed Iowa farmers only 3.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 11, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Fieldwork activities included applying anhydrous and fertilizer, spreading manure, spring tillage and planting oats. There were also scattered reports of corn being planted.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 4% very short, 17% short, 69% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 12% very short, 28% short, 56% adequate and 4% surplus.

Field crops report: Thirty-seven percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, four days ahead of last year and five days ahead of the 5-year average. Statewide, 3% of the oat crop has emerged.

Pasture and range report: Pasture condition rated 3% very poor, 11% poor, 42% fair, 40% good and 4% excellent. Pastures are greening up and starting to grow. Muddy feedlots were reported in the southern part of the state.

Nebraska

For the week ending April 11, there were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5% very short, 15% short, 74% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9% very short, 24% short, 65% adequate and 2% surplus.

Field crops report: Winter wheat condition rated 6% very poor, 13% poor, 38% fair, 41% good and 2% excellent.

Oats planted was 40%, ahead of 30% last year and 33% for the five-year average. Emerged was 8%, near 4% last year and 5% average.