Spring wheat planting

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Farm Forum

The most important factor in producing a profitable spring wheat field are selecting the best cultivator, providing proper nutrition, planting on time and having a good seedbed to plant into. When selecting a variety refer to the Variety Recommendations for 2013 contained in the 2012 annual report on spring wheat. South Dakota has seven recommended varieties across the state and two are recommended for certain regions only. The 2012 annual report also provides variety trait results to help pick one of the recommended varieties that best fit location and situation for a given operation.

Spring wheat needs to be planted early in the spring. Normally it should be planted by the third week of April or within the first two weeks of planting possible in spring. Secondly check crop insurance planting dates for the location to be planted in insure coverage.

Spring wheat in normally planted one to two inches deep in the soil but can be planted as deep as three inches. Spring wheat should be planted into moisture to insure an even stand at emergence. This will help to produce an even stand throughout the season. The spring wheat should be planted at a minimum of 1.2 million pure line seeds per acre or 28 seeds per foot. This translates into about 1.5 bushels per acre on average size wheat seed. Late planting or planting into poor seedbeds require higher seeding rate. Spring wheat requires a good fertilizer package to produce high yield. Fields should be soil tested to determine fertilizer needs. Caution should be taken if fertilizer is being placed with the seed to not have to high of rate and hurt germination. For more information refer to iGrow.org under the wheat section.