May 7: Crop progress and pasture conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Crop News

South Dakota

For the week ending June 6, there were 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 28% very short, 50% short, 22% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 27% very short, 46% short, 27% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 10% poor, 39% fair, 43% good and 3% excellent. Corn emerged was 93%, ahead of 87% last year and 75% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 11% poor, 43% fair, 42% good and 3% excellent.

Soybeans planted was 97%, ahead of 90% last year and 78% average. Emerged was 86%, well ahead of 64% last year and 54% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 13% very poor, 24% poor, 40% fair, 23% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 64%, ahead of 47% last year and 54% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 7% very poor, 26% poor, 51% fair, 16% good and 0% excellent. Spring wheat emerged was 97%, near 95% both last year and average. Headed was 17%, near 13% last year, and ahead of 9% average.

Oats condition rated 5% very poor, 18% poor, 46% fair, 31% good and 0% excellent. Oats emerged was 97%, near 96% last year and 94% average. Headed was 26%, ahead of 11% last year and 15% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 74% fair, 23% good and 2% excellent.

Sorghum planted was 80%, ahead of 63% last year and 62% average.

Sunflowers planted was 54%, ahead of 42% both last year and average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 11% very poor, 43% poor, 38% fair, 7% good and 1% excellent.

North Dakota

For the week ending June 6, there were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 49% very short, 35% short, 14% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 53% very short, 27% short, 20% adequate and 0% surplus.

Field crops report: Soybean condition rated 9% very poor, 23% poor, 43% fair, 23% good and 2% excellent. Soybeans planted was 95%, well ahead of 71% last year and ahead of 87% for the five-year average. Emerged was 65%, well ahead of 29% last year, and ahead of 52% average.

Spring wheat condition rated 13% very poor, 16% poor, 39% fair, 30% good and 2% excellent. Spring wheat emerged was 87%, ahead of 69% last year and near 85% average. Jointed was 25%, ahead of 8% last year and near 21% average.

Durum wheat condition rated 4% very poor, 11% poor, 33% fair, 41% good and 11% excellent. Durum wheat planted was 97%, near 96% last year. Emerged was 65%, behind 73% last year and 77% average. Jointed was 13%, ahead of 6% last year but near 17% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 12% very poor, 33% poor, 33% fair, 21% good and 1% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 85%, ahead of 77% last year and 79% average. Headed was 14%, near 12% last year and 16% average.

Corn condition rated 5% very poor, 12% poor, 41% fair, 39% good and 3% excellent. Corn planted was 97%, ahead of 85% last year, and near 94% average. Emerged was 73%, well ahead of 48% last year, and near 70% average.

Canola planted was 96%, ahead of 89% last year. Emerged was 52%, equal to last year, and well behind 73% average.

Oats condition rated 8% very poor, 17% poor, 51% fair, 23% good and 1% excellent. Oats emerged was 85%, well ahead of 62% last year and ahead of 77% average. Jointed was 30%, ahead of 12% last year and near 26% average.

Barley condition rated 11% very poor, 20% poor, 47% fair, 20% good and 2% excellent. Barley emerged was 86%, ahead of 67% last year and near 84% average. Jointed was 22%, ahead of 8% last year but near 24% average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 7% very poor, 16% poor, 41% fair, 34% good and 2% excellent. Dry edible peas planted was 97%, near 93% last year and 96% average. Emerged was 70%, behind 76% last year and 80% average.

Sunflowers planted was 72%, ahead of 57% last year and equal to average. Emerged was 27%, ahead of 16% last year but near 28% average.

Flaxseed planted was 95%, ahead of 88% last year, and near 91% average. Emerged was 50%, ahead of 44% last year, but behind 57% average.

Potato condition rated 5% very poor, 13% poor, 60% fair, 20% good and 2% excellent. Potatoes emerged was 83%, well ahead of 20% last year and 43% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 92%, well ahead of 68% last year and ahead of 84% average. Emerged was 52%, well ahead of 21% last year and ahead of 40% average.

Alfalfa condition rated 24% very poor, 30% poor, 28% fair, 18% good and 0% excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 4%, near 1% last year and equal to average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 44% very poor, 23% poor, 25% fair, 8% good and 0% excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 42% very short, 32% short, 26% adequate and 0% surplus.

Minnesota

According to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, for the week ending on June 6, conditions allowed 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included hay cutting, replanting and applying herbicide.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 10% very short, 41% short, 48% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 7% very short, 35% short, 57% adequate and 1% surplus. Warm and dry conditions continue to be reported.

Field crops report: Statewide, corn was 96% emerged, over a week ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition was 0% very poor, 3% poor, 28% fair, 56% good and 13% excellent.

Soybeans emerged reached 93%, which was four days ahead of last year and over one week ahead of average. Soybean condition was 0% very poor, 3% poor, 27% fair, 55% good and 15% excellent.

Spring wheat was 100% emerged, nearly two weeks ahead of 2020 and average. Spring wheat jointed was 50%, nine days ahead of normal and eight days ahead of average. Spring wheat condition was 0% very poor, 4% poor, 24% fair, 56% good and 16% excellent.

Oats were 98% emerged, 60% jointed and 6% headed. Oats condition was 58% good to excellent.

Barley was 92% emerged and 41% jointed. Barley condition was 72% good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 59% complete. Hay condition was 54% good to excellent.

Potato planting was 91% complete. Dry beans were 95% planted and 84% emerged.

Sunflowers were 91% planted.

Pasture and range condition: Pasture condition rated 4% very poor, 14% poor, 38% fair, 41% good and 3% excellent.

Iowa

Dry conditions and warming temperatures meant farmers had 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 6, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

In addition to planting, field activities included spraying post emergence herbicides, side dressing nitrogen, baling cover crops and harvesting hay.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 7% very short, 32% short, 59% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 12% very short, 34% short, 53% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture conditions in northwest, west central, central and south central Iowa were rated over 50% short to very short.

Some producers in the upper two-thirds of the state re-planted corn and soybeans due to frost damage that occurred in late May.

Field crops report: Corn emergence reached 96%, nine days ahead of the five-year average. Iowa’s corn condition rated 77% good to excellent.

At 98%, nearly all of Iowa’s soybean crop has been planted, almost two weeks ahead of normal. Statewide, soybeans emerged reached 86%, nine days ahead of the five-year average. Soybean emergence in southeast Iowa is slightly behind with over one-quarter of the soybean crop yet to emerge. Soybean condition rated 73% good to excellent.

Oats headed reached 37%, four days ahead of normal. Iowa’s oat condition rated 68% good to excellent.

Pasture and range condition: Iowa farmers took advantage of the week’s dry weather and completed 41% of the first cutting of alfalfa hay during the week ending June 6 to reach 58% complete, two days ahead of normal. Hay condition rated 62% good to excellent.

Pasture condition rated 53% good to excellent. Some stress on livestock due to high temperatures was reported.

Nebraska

For the week ending June 6, there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3% very short, 20% short, 75% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5% very short, 22% short, 70% adequate and 3% surplus.

Field crops report: Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 13% fair, 60% good and 24% excellent. Corn emerged was 95%, near 94% last year, and ahead of 89% for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 11% fair, 66% good and 20% excellent.

Soybeans planted was 98%, equal to last year, and ahead of 90% average. Emerged was 84%, near 83% last year, and ahead of 70% average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 32% fair, 46% good and 10% excellent. Winter wheat headed was 79%, ahead of 63% last year and near 77% average.

Sorghum condition rated 0% very poor, 1% poor, 13% fair, 78% good and 8% excellent.

Sorghum planted was 73%, behind 91% last year, and near 77% average.

Oats condition rated 2% very poor, 7% poor, 36% fair, 48% good and 7% excellent. Oats

headed was 54%, well ahead of 34% last year, and ahead of 41% average.

Dry edible beans planted was 47%, well behind 76% last year, but ahead of 32% average. Emerged was 10%, well behind 44% last year, and equal to average.

Pasture and range report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3% very poor, 7% poor, 46% fair, 31% good and 13% excellent.